`saqarTevlos ekonomika~  2006 (3)
  ekonomikuri reformebi
ratom Zvirdeba Cveni cxovreba da ras unda elodoT uaxloes TveebSi
redaqciisagan

arasamTavrobo oganizaciam _
   Tavisufali ekonomikis da
   biznesis institutma Caatara
    saqarTvelos ekonomikisa da
   samomxmareblo bazarze mimdinare inflaciuri procesebis da saerTod inflaciis dinamikis kvleva. gTavazobT zogierT cifrebs da eqspertebis daskvnebs arsebul tendenciebze.
   gTavazobT 2005 wlis saqarTvelos ekonomikuri ganviTarebis dazustebul maCveneblebs, romelic saqarTvelos statistikis departamentis mieraa warmodgenili (statistikis saxelmwifo departamentis Tavmjdomare zaza brolaZis, evrogaerTianebis elCis saqarTveloSi torben holces da gaeros mudmivi warmomadgenlis moadgilis saqarTveloSi piter van ruzveltis martis pres_konferencia).

   mTliani Sida produqti
   
2005 wels mTliani Sida produ_
    qtis (mSp) realurma zrdam 9.3
    procenti Seadgina.
saqarTvelos saerTaSoriso savaluto fondis monacemTa gavrcelebis zogad sistemaze (GDDS) gadasvlasTan dakavSirebiT, mSp_s saboloo Sesworeba 2006 wlis noembris bolosaTvis moxdeba.
   sagrZnoblad maRali tempebiT viTardeba finansuri Suamavlobis sfero. am seqtorSi dafiqsirebuli zrdis tempebi yvelaze maRalia ekonomikis sxva danarCen seqtorebTan SedarebiT. 2005 wels finansuri Suamavlobis realurma zrdis tempma 2004 welTan SedarebiT 52.2 procenti Seadgina. sabanko seqtoris maRali tempebiT ganviTareba mniSvnelovnad gansazRvra sazRvargareTidan sakredito xazebis moculobis zrdam. wlis ganmavlobaSi finansuri Suamavlobis xvedriTi wili mTlian Sida produqtSi 0.7 procentuli punqtiT gaizarda. miuxedavad amisa, is kvlav dabal doneze rCeba da 2.0 procents Seadgens.
   gansakuTrebiT dadebiT momentad SeiZleba CaiTvalos is, rom sesxebi kerZo seqtorze gaizarda 80%_iT, xolo komerciuli bankebis saSualo saprocento ganakveTebi 2004 welTan SedarebiT sesxebze saSualod 10 procentuli punqtiT Semcirda. komerciuli bankebis mier tradiciulad ZiriTadad ekonomikis 3 seqtori dafinansda: vaWroba (mTliani sesxebis 37.8%), mrewveloba (26.2%) da mSenebloba (11,7%). zemoaRniSnulis gamo 2005 wels SeiniSneboda mSeneblobis seqtoris 22.3 procentiani da damamuSavebeli mrewvelobis 14.3 procentiani zrda, rac udavod sabanko kreditebiTac aris miRweuli.
   2005 wels mniSvnelovani zrda dafiqsirda kavSirgabmulobisa da fostis sferoSi. am seqtorSi Seqmnili damatebiTi Rirebuleba 2004 welTan SedarebiT realur gamosaxulebaSi 29.5 procentiT gaizarda. amgvari Sedegi ZiriTadad gamowveuli iyo kavSirgabmulobis sferoSi efeqturi satarifo politikis gatarebiT. amas emateba am sferoSi 2005 wels realizebuli licenziebis Rirebuleba da a.S. kavSirgabmulobisa da fostis sferoSi ekonomikuri aqtivobis zrdas unda velodoT mimdinare 2006 welsac, radgan am periodSi igegmeba ~saqarTvelos eleqtrokavSiris~ privatizeba.
   kvlav stabilurad viTardeba mSeneblobis seqtori, sadac 2005 wels, gasul welTan SedarebiT 22.3 procentiT meti damatebuli Rirebuleba Seiqmna. es zrda ufro STambeWdavi iqneboda, rom ara I kvartalSi 25.4 procentiani kleba. rogorc aRiniSna, mSeneblobis seqtoris ganviTarebas mniSvnelovnad xels uwyobs sabanko seqtoridan mSeneblobisTvis xelsayreli grZelvadiani dakrediteba. mTlianad 2005 wels 2004 welTan SedarebiT sabanko seqtoridan samSeneblo seqtorSi 4.2_jer meti krediti gaica. yovelive amas emateba saxelmwifos mier satransporto gzebis mSenebloba_rekonstruqciaze mniSvnelovnad gazrdili dafinanseba.
   qveynis ekonomikaSi yvelaze didi xvedriTi wili kvlav soflis meurneobas uWiravs (14.8 procenti). bolo wlebis ganmavlobaSi am seqtoris xvedriTi wili qveynis mTlian ekonomikur aqtivobaSi TandaTanobiT mcirdeba. 2004 wels is 16.4 procenti iyo, xolo 2003 wels 19.3 procenti. movlenaTa amgvari ganviTareba logikuria, radganac soflis meurneobaSi damatebiTi Rirebuleba ZiriTadad am seqtorSi TviTdasaqmebulTa xarjze iqmneba, rac Tavis mxriv Zalzed dabalefeqturia. soflis meurneoba 2005 wlis ganmavlobaSi 12.0 procentiT gaizarda. es zrda ganpirobebulia e.w. dabali sabazo efeqtiT, wina mousavlian welTan mimarTebaSi: 2004 wels soflis meurneobis seqtoris aqtivoba realur gamosaxulebaSi 7.9 procentiT Semcirda.
   2005 wels 13.7 procentiT Semcirda samTomompovebiT mrewvelobaSi damatebiTi Rirebulebis moculoba. am seqtoris xvedriTi wili mTlian Sida produqtSi mxolod 0.7 procentia. Tumca unda aRiniSnos, rom samTomompovebiT mrewvelobas ganviTarebis Zalzed didi potenciali aqvs da saxelmwifos mier am seqtorSi ganxorcielebuli privatizebis Sedegebi momdevno periodSi aisaxeba.
   met_naklebad stabilurad viTardeba vaWrobis sferoc. am seqtoris ganviTareba damokidebulia importuli da adgilobrivi warmoebis saqonlis brunvis moculobaze. 2005 wels vaWroba 3.4 procentiT gaizarda. wliuri zrdis tempi Seaferxa 2005 wlis IV kvartalSi 2004 wlis Sesabamis periodTan SedarebiT 3.7_ procentianma klebam.
   
   saqarTvelos sagareo vaWroba 2005 wels
   
2005 wels, deklarirebuli monacemebis mixedviT (araorganizebuli vaWrobis gareSe), saqarTvelos sagareo savaWro brunvam 3357,6 mln aSS dolari Seadgina, rac 2004 welTan SedarebiT 34,6 %_iT metia. 2005 wels eqsportma Seadgina 866,7 mln aSS dolari, rac 2004 wlis analogiur maCvenebelze (646,9 mln aSS dolari) 34%_iT metia. 34.8%_iT gaizarda agreTve importic: 2005 wels 2490,9 mln aSS dolari, 2004 wels 1847,9 mln aSS dolari.
   gaizarda saqarTvelos savaWro partniorTa areali da 2005 wels saqarTvelos vaWroba hqonda 132 qveyanasTan (2004 welsa 125 qveyanasTan) saqarTvelos umsxviles partnior qveynebs Soris arian: ruseTi, TurqeTi, azerbaijani, ukraina da germania; maTi wili mTlian savaWro brunvaSi 52,2% procentia (ix. cxrili #1).
   umsxviles saeqsporto produqciad 2005 wels gvevlineba Savi liTonebis jarTi1, yurZnis naturaluri Rvinoebi, feroSenadnobebi, axali an gamxmari kakali, safreni aparatebi, spilenZis madnebi da koncentratebi da azotovani sasuqebi. maTi wili 2005 wlis qveynis mTliani eqsportis 52,8%_s Seadgens (54,0% _ 2004 wels) (ix. cxrili #2):
   importSi umsxvilesi poziciebia _ navTobi da navTobproduqtebi, msubuqi avtomobilebi, samkurnalo saSualebebi, samSeneblo masalebi, navTobis airebi da airisebri naxSirwyalbadebi, xorbali da fqvili, Saqari, airis turbinebi, turboxraxniani da turboreaqtiuli Zravebi, safreni aparatebi da eleqtroenergia. isini mTeli importis 44,6 %_s Seadgens (2004 wels 41,5%) (ix. cxrili #3):
   saqarTvelos statistikuri departamentis mier mowodebuli masalis safuzvelze SegviZlia davaskvnaT, rom fasebis cvlilebani ZiriTad sakveb produqtebze gamowveulia sezonurobidan gamomdinare. swored wlis am periodisaTvisaa damaxiasiaTebeli fasebis Semcireba iseT saqonelze, rogorebicaa rZe, rZis produqtebi, Tevzi, yveli da xorci. CamoTvlil saqonelTan SedarebiT mniSvnelovnadaa Semcirebuli fasebi kvrcxsa (4,8%) da qaTamze (4,2%), romelzedac garda sezonurobisa, mniSvnelovani zegavlena iqonia ,,qaTmis gripTan dakavSirebulma mniSvnelovanma movlenebma.
   gazafxulis mosvlasTan erTad gaiafda fasebi iseT saqonelzec, rogorebicaa kitri da pomidori, magram unda aRiniSnos, rom es ZiriTadad exeba importiT Semotanil (Turqul) kulturebs; xolo, erovnul sasaTbure meurneobebSi moyvanil kulturebze fasi kvlav maRali rCeba (7 lari 1 kg_ze).
   rac Seexeba arasasursaTo saqonels fasebi Semcirda dizelis sawvavze da benzin `regularze~ (0,8%_iT) da navTze (0,6%_iT); xolo fasi gaizarda sigaret `Winston light~_ze (0,9%_iT).
   q. TbilisSi samomxmareblo fasebis indeqsma (samomxmareblo fasebis donis cvlilebis maCvenebeli) erTi kviris manZilze (3 marti _ 16 marti) 99,25 procenti Seadgina. sapirispirod Tebervlis bolos arsebuli maCveneblisa _ 102,06 procenti.
   
   monetaruli statistika
   
Tbilisis bankTaSorisi savaluto birJis savaWro sesiaze 2006 wlis martis TveSi daido 46 sabirJo garigeba, romlis saerTo moculobam 13 645 711 aSS dolari Seadgina. martis Tvis sabirJo sesiebze erovnulma bankma gayida 6 036 000 aSS dolari da 2 320 000 aSS dolari SeiZina.
   wina TvesTan SedarebiT, Tbsb savaWro sesiaze ganxorcielda 32 garigebiT naklebi; Sesabamisad, daido 5904389 aSS dolariT naklebi moculobis garigeba;
   23 martidan ZalaSi darCa aSS dolaris mimarT laris oficialuri gacvliTi kursi: aSS dolari/1.8275 lari.
   
   Sida savaluto bazari
   
2006 wlis 6 martidan 10 martis CaTvliT aSS dolaris mimarT laris oficialuri gacvliTi kursi gamyarda. paraskevs, 10 marts, Tbilisis bankTaSorisi savaluto birJis savaWro sesiaze 1 aSS dolari 1.8260 laris niSnulze dafiqsirda. saanalizo periodSi Sida savaluto bazris banknotur segmentze aSS dolari mimarT laris gacvliTi kursis mimoqcevis amplituda 1.8280 1.8350 diapazonSi meryeobda.
   amave periodSi Tbilisis bankTaSoris savaluto birJaze vaWrobis moculobam 4350000 aSS dolari da 100000 evro Seadgina. saqarTvelos erovnulma bankma sabirJo sesiebSi 850000 aSS dolari gayida da 2500000 aSS dolari Seisyida.
   Tbilisis bankTaSoris savaluto birJaze gamarTuli savaWro sesiebis Sedegebis dinamika saanalizo periodSi
   
   
   2006 wlis 13 martidan 17 martis CaTvliT aSS dolaris mimarT laris oficialuri gacvliTi kursi stabilurobiT xasiaTdeboda. paraskevs, 17 marts, Tbilisis bankTaSorisi savaluto birJis savaWro sesiaze 1 aSS dolari 1.8275 laris niSnulze dafiqsirda. saanalizo periodSi Sida savaluto bazris banknotur segmentze aSS dolari mimarT laris gacvliTi kursis mimoqcevis amplituda 1.8280 1.8350 diapazonSi meryeobda.
   amave periodSi Tbilisis bankTaSoris savaluto birJaze vaWrobis moculobam 4350000 aSS dolari da 100000 evro Seadgina. saqarTvelos erovnulma bankma sabirJo sesiebSi 850000 aSS dolari gayida da 2500000 aSS dolari Seisyida.
   amave periodSi Tbilisis bankTaSoris savaluto birJaze vaWrobis moculobam 3440000 aSS dolari da 146000 evro Seadgina. saqarTvelos erovnulma bankma sabirJo sesiebSi 2550000 aSS dolari gayida da 20000 aSS dolari Seisyida.
   Tbilisis bankTaSoris savaluto birJaze gamarTuli savaWro sesiebis Sedegebis dinamika saanalizo periodSi
   
   bankTaSoris sakredito auqcioni
   2006 wlis 21 marts erovnuli bankis bankTaSoris 7_ dRian #51 sakredito auqcionSi monawileobda 1 komerciuli banki (gamyidvelis) da erovnuli banki (myidvelis saxiT). auqcionze Semdgari garigebebis saerTo Tanxam Seadgina 500000 lari da dafiqsirda wliuri 5%.
   
   mosaxleobis msyidvelobiTunarianobis
   dinamikis Sesaxeb 2004_2005 wlebSi
   
(inflaciisa da valutis gacvliTi kursis cvlilebaTa gaTvaliswinebiT)
   2005 wlis dekemberSi 2003 wlis dekemberTan SedarebiT saqarTveloSi inflaciam Seadgina 14,2 procenti (2003w. 7,5%, 2005 w. 6,2%).
   samomxmareblo fasebis aseTi zomieri matebis (saSualo wliuri mateba 2004_2005 wlebSi 6,9%) maCveneblis miRma imaleba gacilebiT mniSvnelovani zrda mosaxleobis calkeuli kategoriebisaTvis. faqtobrivad, realur inflacias mosaxleobis TiTqmis yvela kategoriisaTvis mis oficialur donesTan SedarebiT gacilebiT maRali niSnuli aqvs.
   7 6% 22.03.2006 5% 21.03.2006
   28 8% 22.03.2006 7% 21.03.2006
   56 14% 26.01.2006 9% 16.11.2005
   84 5% 06.07.2005 6% 20.05.2005
   amis ganmapirobebeli faqtori ramdenimea. kerZod:
   fasebis zrda gansakuTrebiT SeiniSneba sasursaTo kalaTaze. magaliTad, fasebis mateba bolo or weliwadSi xorcsa da xorcis produqtebze 1,5_jer, xolo rZeze, yvelsa da kvercxze 2,0_jer da metad maRali iyo inflaciis saerTo donesTan SedarebiT. aRniSnulis gamo fasebis matebam gansakuTrebiT ~daartya~ dabalSemosavlianTa biujetebis msyidvelobiTunarianobas, romelTa mimdinare Semosavlebis didi nawili swored sursaTze moTxovnilebis dakmayofilebas emsaxureboda. gasaTvaliswinebelia isic, rom 2005 wels 2003 welTan SedarebiT (Sesabamisi wlis cxra Tve cxra TvesTan) saSualod erT Sinameurneobaze mosaxleobis yvelaze dabalSemosavlian pirvel kvintilur (20%_ian) jgufSi fuladi xarjebi absoluturad ucvleli darCa, maSin, rodesac yvelaze maRalSemosavlian, mexuTe kvintilur jgufSi gaizarda 18,8 procentiT (saSualod saqarTvelos erT Sinameurneobaze gaangariSebiT gaizarda 14,0 procentiT).
   2004 wels moxda inflaciis gaangariSebaSi monawile saqonel_warmomadgenelTa wonebis gadaangariSeba da kalaTaSi mkveTrad Semcirda sasursaTo saqonelwarmomadgenelTa wili, ramac Sesabamisad (daaxloebiT 1,3_jer) Seamcira sasursaTo nawilis zegavlena fasebis saerTo donisa da dinamikis formirebaze. Sesabamisad, Zveli ~wonebis~ SenarCunebis pirobebSi 2004_2005 wlebSi jamuri inflacia, nacvlad deklarirebuli 14,1 procentisa, iqneboda aranakleb 15,7_16,0 procenti.
   mxedvelobaSia misaRebi, rom inflaciis gaTvlaSi SedarebiT sustadaa warmodgenili an saerTod ar monawilebs uZravi qonebis iseTi elementebi, romlebzec fasebi bolo or weliwadSi sagrZnoblad gaizarda, xolo vaWrobis moculoba intensiuri gaxda (binebi, agarakebi, miwis nakveTebi). maTze fasebis dinamikis gaTvaliswinebiT realuri inflacia gacilebiT maRali iqneboda.
   amave dros, ekonomikur danakargebs ver ascda agreTve SedarebiT maRalSemosavlianTa kategoriac. garda imisa, rom isini aseve arian gaZvirebuli sasursaTo saqonlis momxmareblebi (mosaxleobis yvelaze maRalSemosavliani aTi procenti yvelaze dabalSemosavlian aT procentTan SedarebiT kvebaze daaxloebiT 3,8_jer mets xarjavs), Tu uSualod am kategorias ganvixilavT, rogorc saqarTveloSi ucxouri valutis mflobels, ganmkargavs da momxmarebels, erovnuli valutis gamyarebam aSS dolarTan bolo ori wlis manZilze 2.075_dan 1.7925_mde (13,65%_iT) mniSvnelovnad Seamcira ucxouri valutis msyidvelobiTi unarianoba. inflaciis gaTvaliwinebiT (romelic erovnuli valutis gamyarebis paralelurad amcirebda saqarTveloSi ucxouri valutis msyidvelobiT unarianobas), 2005 wlis bolos 100 aSS dolariT saqarTvelos Sida samomxmareblo bazarze SeiZleboda imdenive saqonlis SeZena, risTvisac 2003 wels sakmarisi iyo mxolod 75,6 aSS dolari (sxvagvarad rom vTqvaT, saqarTveloSi 2003 wels 100 aSS dolaris saqonlis Sesabamisi raodenobis SesaZenad 2005 wels saWiro iyo ukve 132 aSS dolarze meti).
   erovnuli valutis gamyarebisa da inflaciis gamo komerciul bankebSi ganTavsebuli depozitebis saprocento ganakveTic, faqtobrivad, uaryofiT ganzomilebaSi gadavida. 2005 wlis bolos ori wlis winandeli 100 aSS dolaris depozitebis msyidvelobiTi unarianoba daricxuli procentis gaTvaliswinebiTac ki2 2003 wlis dekembris 87,7 aSS dolaris ekvivalenturi iyo.
   2005 wlis bolosaTvis saqarTvelos sabanko sistemaSi ganTavsebuli depozitebis absolutur sidideze gaTvliT SeiZleba iTqvas, rom bolo ori wlis manZilze valutis msyidvelobiT unarianobaze Tanmxvedri negatiuri faqtorebis gamo valutis fizikurma depozitarebma izarala daaxloebiT 40 milioni aSS dolari, xolo imave sididis aradepozituri Tanxis mixedviT zaralis sididem aranakleb 80 milioni aSS dolari Seadgina.
   
   
   ra aris inflacia, rogor iTvlian
   mas saqarTveloSi
   
inflaciis problemebi saqarTveloSi
   inflaciis problemebTan dakavSirebiT gavesaubreT eqspert soso arCvaZes.
   _ batono soso, gTxovT agvixsnaT, ra aris inflacia, periodulobis da samomxmareblo kalaTebis mixedviT rogoria igi. ra kavSiri aqvs moqalaqeebTan, ra aris momxmareblis ndobis indeqsi da ratom aris is mniSvnelovani? amerikaSi samomxmareblo fasebis indeqss (CPI) angariSoben kvebis produqtebis gareSec da energomatareblebis gareSec (Core CPI), Cven?
   
_ sazogadoebas yovelTvis ainteresebda da ainteresebs qveyanaSi inflaciis mdgomareoba, radgan is TiToeul adamianze axdens uSualo zegavlenas. Semosavlebis, xarjebis done da sidide arafers gveubneba qveyanaSi mimdinare fasebis cvlilebebze, anu inflaciaze. mTlianobaSi, sasaqonlo fuladi urTierTobebis istoria inflaciis istoriaa.
   warmoebis pirobebis cvlis mixedviT fasebis saerTo done icvleba da Caketili ekonomikuri sistemis SemTxvevaSic ki fasebi cocxali organizmiviT viTardeba da icvleba. ekonomikur indikatorTa Soris inflacia yvelaze did zegavlenas ganicdis sazogadoebis mxridan, radgan Sromis mwarmoebluroba sxvadasxva faqtorebis Tanafardobis maCvenebelia, xSirad inflaciis doneze moqmedebs sazogadoebrivi ndoba da damokidebuleba. Tu sazogadoebas es ndoba ara aqvs, igi qcevis reJims cvlis, rac fasebis zrdiT, an mocemuli qveynis konkretuli sagadamxdelo saSualebis _ valutis sxva qveynis valutiT CanacvlebiT gamoixateba. amis magaliTi iyo kuponis periodi, rodesac sxva qveynis valutiT xdeboda misi Canacvleba. saqarTvelo msoflio urTierTobebSi TandaTan erTveba, maT Soris, saerTaSoriso Sromis danawilebaSi. 150 qveyanasTan gvaqvs ekonomikuri kavSiri da, bunebrivia, rom is procesebi, rac globalurad xdeba, pirdapir zegavlenas axdenen Cvens qveyanaSi mimdinare procesebze. SarSan, agvistos TveSi navTobproduqtebze fasebis mkveTri zrda daiwyo, ramac samomxmareblo aJiotaJi gamoiwvia, erTi litri sawvavis fasi TiTqmis 1 dolari gaxda. amitom Cven ver SevZlebT mTlianad SevinarCunoT Cveni Sida aqciebis wesi imis gauTvaliswineblad, Tu ra xdeba msoflioSi. es pirvel rigSi energomatareblebsa da sasicocxlod aucilebel saqonels exeba. rodesac fasebis zrdaze vsaubrobT, xarjebisa da fulis inflacia unda ganvasxvaoT. erT SemTxvevaSi warmoebis faqtorebis zrdasTan erTad izrdeba saboloo fasic, meore SemTxvevaSi ki izrdeba sazogadoebis moTxovna ama Tu im moxmarebis saqonelze da aman SesaZloa, miwodebis Seusabamobis pirobebSi saqonlis gaZvireba gamoiwvios. saqarTveloSi orive SemTxveva gvaqvs. sazogadoebas statistikuri samsaxuris mier gamoqveynebul oficialur monacemebze garkveuli skefsisi gauCnda. igi kiTxvas svams _ aris ki realuri fasebis is done, romelsac es samsaxuri aqveynebs. saqarTveloSi fasebis done izrdeba, Tu 1998 wlis dekembris Tves SevadarebT, rodesac erovnulma bankma bankTaSoris savaluto birJaze intervencia Sewyvita da mis gareSe scada savaluto kursis daregulireba. mas Semdeg kursi TiTqmis igivea. am xnis ganmavlobaSi, saqarTveloSi, oficialuri monacemebiT, fasebi 54%_iT gaizarda, rac imas niSnavs, rom Tanabar pirobebSi msoflio bazris fasebs davuaxlovdiT. arsebobs sxvadasxva meTodebi, magaliTad, bigmakis meTodi, rodesac aSS_sa da saqarTveloSi bigmakis fasebis TanafardobiT angariSoben Cveni erovnuli valutis msyidvelobiT unarianobas aSS_is dolarTan mimarTebaSi. Sefardeba ara mxolod oficialuri kursiT xdeba, aramed realuri gacvliTi kursis mixedviTac. bigmakis meTodis mixedviT, saqarTveloSi fasebi daaxloebiT 2/3_is donezea. Tumca Cemi gaTvlebiT, kidev ufro naklebia. sazogadoeba fasebis matebas grZnobs. amerikuli dolaris savaluto efeqtianobis Semcireba sazogadoebis kiTxvas iwvevs, ramdenad adekvaturia fasebis zrdis maCvenebeli sinamdvileSi. sazogadoebrivi ndobis faqtori inflaciaze gavlenas axdens. 90_iani wlebis Sua xanebamde saqarTvelos damoukidebeli srulfasovani valuta ar hqonda, oficialurad gadasaxdeli saSualeba erovnuli bankis kuponi iyo, Tumca mimoqcevaSi paralelurad ramdenime valutac iyo. samomxmareblo bazari mkacrad segmentirebuli iyo _ kuponiT normirebuli samomxmareblo saqonlis SeZena xdeboda, rusuli rubliT _ yoveldRiuri samomxmareblo saqonlis, dolariT ki ufro xangrZlivi moxmarebisa da uZrav saqonels iZendnen. laris SemoRebis Semdeg es proporciebi dairRva. qarTulma larma rusuli rublis funqciebi Cainacvla da mniSvnelovanwilad Seamcira dolaris kursic. Tumca imis Tqma, rom dolari, rogorc sagadamxdelo saSualeba, saqarTvelos bazridan amovarda, marTebuli ar iqneba. isic unda iTqvas, rom es situacia mxolod saqarTveloSi, rogorc gardamaval qveyanaSi, ar xdeba. erovnuli valutisadmi ndobis gazrda, faqtobrivad, inflaciis sawinaaRmdegod mimarTuli RonisZiebaa. arsebobs meore mxarec, inflacia TavisTavad ekonomikis sijansaResa da mewarmeobis ganviTarebazea damokidebuli. ratom eCveneba Cvens sazogadoebas, rom fasebis saerTo done ufro maRalia, vidre amas statistikis departamenti aqveynebs. am SemTxvevas Sevadarebdi, rodesac kiduris amputaciis Semdeg adamians misi tkivilis SegrZneba mainc rCeba. sabazro ekonomikaze gadasvliT sazogadoebam Zlieri dartyma miiRo. 1995 wels yovelTviuri inflaciis tempi 65% iyo. es saocrad maRali maCvenebelia, amitom sazogadoebis didi nawili erovnul valutas bolomde ar endoba. ra Tqma unda, amas sxva faqtorebic ganapirobebs, esenia ekonomikuri sazRvrebis daucveloba, Cveni ekonomikis simcire msoflio masStabebTan SedarebiT. saqarTvelos ekonomika didi msoflio meurneobis mcire nawilia da masze gare egzogenuri faqtorebi did zegavlenas axdenen, rac pirvel rigSi energetikul problemebsa da politikur mxareze aisaxeba. amitom, sazogadoebis garkveuli undobloba iyo, aris da albaT momavalSic darCeba, rac aucileblad unda gaviTvaliswinoT. statistikis departamentma ramdenime wlis win gamokvleva Caatara, sadac iyo kiTxva _ Tqven rom gqondeT Tavisufali fuladi saxsrebi, sad ganaTavsebdiT maT? CamoTvlili iyo Semdegi variantebi _ komerciuli bakebi, saqmeSi dabandeba, gasesxeba, uZravi qonebis SeZena da a.S, Svidjer sWarbobda im adamianTa raodenoba, vinc saxlSi amjobinebda fulis Senaxvas, vidre sabanko sistemaSi. es faqti imaze metyvelebs, rom sazogadoebis ndobis faqtori dabalia. Cemi azriT, meti xelSewyobaa saWiro. dRes saqarTvelos sabanko sistemaSi daaxloebiT 600 milioni dolaris farglebSia depozitebi. es ar aris didi maCvenebeli da Cven mniSvnelovnad CamovrCebiT azerbaijans. Tu gasuli saukunis 90_ian wlebamde monakveTs aviRebT, marTalia, saqarTvelo maSin erTiani sabWoTa kavSiris nawili iyo, magram depozitebis mxriv mSp_sTan Tanafardoba erTi erTze iyo _ anu, yoveli 100 maneTis mTlian Sida produqtze imdenive depoziti modioda. dRes ki yoveli 100 laris mTlian Sida produqtze mxolod 6 lari modis. sabanko resursis Sida investiciebad gamoyenebisaTvis damatebiTi stimulebia saWiro, risTvisac aucilebelia Sesabamisi samewarmeo garemos formireba. depozitebze procentis dabegvrac ar aris imdenad mniSvnelovani Tanxa, rom man biujetis SevsebaSi seriozuli wvlili Seitanos, amitom vfiqrob, rom es nawilic gadasaxedia. komerciuli bankebis miRma ufro meti dolaris masa moZraobs, vidre mosaxleobas aqvs sabanko seqtorSi ganTavsebuli. statistikis samsaxuris mier gamoqveynebuli maCveneblebi savaluto fondis rekomendaciebs efuZneba. sam weliwadSi erTxel ki am meTodikis gadasinjva xdeba. amJamad fasebis Sejereba 71 dasaxelebis saqonlis mixedviT xdeba. samomxmareblo kalaTidan daaxloebiT ocamde erTeuli amoviReT da mas 35 davamateT. adre Tu masSi 297 dasaxelebis saqoneli Sedioda, axla 311 Sedis. Tu adre iyo binis qira, axla mas erToTaxiani binis sabazro Rirebulebac daemata.
   _ ras gvetyviT produqtebze?
   
_ produqtebic saqonelia. gadasinjvis Semdeg sasursaTo saqonlis wili mniSvnelovnad Semcirda. am gadawyvetilebam Cvens obieqtur informirebas cudi samsaxuri gauwia. es 2004 wlis dasawyisSi moxda, momdevno periodSi ki, vardebis revuluciis Semdgom periods vgulisxmob, sasursaTo saqonlis fasebi mniSvnelovnad gaizarda. rom ara Zveli wonebi, Cveni inflaciis maCvenebeli mxolod sursaTis xaziT 2_3 procentuli punqtiT maRali iqneboda, Sesabamisad, ufro maRali iqneboda saerTo inflaciis maCvenebelic. saqonelwarmomadgenelTa kalaTaSi wonebis gadasinjvam da sasursaTo nawilis gavlenis Semcirebam inflaciis dabal maCveneblamde migviyvana.
   _ inflacia aris mocemul droSi ekonomikur sivrceSi arsebuli realoba. pirvel rigSi ki igi exeba samomxmareblo fasebs, maTSi ki Zalian mniSvnelovania 10_15 punqti. bolo gamokvlevebma aCvena, rom mosaxleobis 90%_isaTvis mniSvnelovania kvebis produqtebi da energomatareblebi. maTi fuli im 2500 kilokaloriis miRebisaTvis ixarjeba, rac fizikuri arsebobisTvisaa aucilebeli da imisaTvis, rom misi sxeulis temperatura 37 gradusi iyos da ar gaiyinos. saubaria fizikur arsebobaze. naxSirwylebidan ZiriTadia puri, razec seriozuli inflaciaa. kartofili, Saqari, brinji, cximebi, xorci ukve arc ise mTavaria. aseve mniSvnelovania denis, gazisa da sawvavis fasebi. Tu Cven inflacias aqtiuri samomxmareblo sasursaTo kalaTis mixedviT gaviangariSebT da masSi 15 kvebis produqts, 3 energomatarebels da wamals SevitanT, romlis mxrivac SemaSfoTebeli statistikaa (yvelaze momgebiani da warmatebuli biznesi afTiaqebi gaxda) da bolos samedicino momsaxurebas _ maTi Sefasebis Semdeg vnaxavT, rom inflacia 17_20%_ia. aucileblad unda dadgindes yovelkvireuli, yoveldekaduri, yovelTviuri da kvalialuri inflacia. rac Seexeba wliurs is ukve ritorikis sagania. magram Cveni ekonomikis dasagegmavad, pirvel rigSi, es 15_produqtiani kalaTa gvWirdeba. Zalian mniSvnelovania momxmareblis ndobis indeqsis gaangariSebac. mis gareSe inflaciis maCvenebeli SeiZleba fiqciad iqces. mas nebismier qveyanaSi didi mniSvneloba aqvs. CvenTan laris kursic ar aris mibmuli inflaciis maCvenebelze, sagareo vaWrobis deficitze, warmoebis donesa da mSp_s zrdaze, anu ar arsebobs urTierTdamokidebuleba. xSir SemTxvevaSi ekonomika inerciiT moZraobs. magram unda vTqvaT, rom ekonomikaSi zrda aris, rac mSeneblobasa da fiskalur nawilSi gamoixateba. magram ar arsebobs Sefasebis kriteriumi, bazari qaoturia, Rirebuleba ki ararealuri. inflaciis gaangariSebisas erToTaxiani binis realuri fasi unda gaviTvaliswinoT.
   
_ moskovSi daaxloebiT 30 punqtis mixedviT xdeba binebis fasebis dadgena. TbilisSi 20 adgilis mixedviT mainc unda xdebodes. Cveni sazogadoeba ori fenisagan _ mdidrebisa da Raribebisgan Sedgeba, saSualo fena imdenad sustia, rom ekonomikur procesebze realur zegavlenas ver axdens. RaribisTvis samomxmarebloa sursaTis ramdenime saqoneli, maTze ki fasebi 1/5_jer da metad gaizarda inflaciis maCvenebelTan SedarebiT. fasebis momatebas mdidrebic grZnoben, isini RaribebTan SedarebiT sursaTze mets xarjaven. Tu sazogadoebas 10 jgufad davyobT, yvelaze mdidrebis 10% TiTqmis oTxjer met Tanxas xarjavs sursaTis SesaZenad vidre yvelaze Raribi, xolo kaloriulobis mixedviT ki 30%_iT met kalorias iRebs. magram mdidari ara mxolod sursaTze xarjavs Tanxebs, aramed arasasursaTo saqonelzec. yidulobs, vTqvaT,ferad televizors an romelime xangrZlivi moxmarebis sagans. bolo ori wlis ganmavlobaSi savaluto kursi amrikul dolarTan SedarebiT gamyarda, amitom mewarmeebsa Tu fizikur pirebs, romelTac Semosavlebi dolarebSi hqondaT, metis gadaxda uwevT. Tu adre televizori 400 lari Rirda da mis SesaZenad 125 dolari sakmarisi iyo, dResac igive Rirs, inflaciis done ki ucvlelia, magram mis SesaZenad ukve 225 dolaria saWiro. isic unda gaviTvaliswinoT, rom visac sabanko seqtorSi aqvs depoziti, is faqtobrivad procents ar iRebs, radgan daricxuli procenti inflaciasTan SedarebiT dabalia da ver axdens imis amortizebas, rasac fasebis momateba da erovnuli valutis kursis gamyareba Wams. or weliwadSi depozitebis mxriv zaralma TiTqmis 40 milioni dolari Seadgina. e.i ori wlis win ganTavsebuli depozitebis darCenisa da erovnuli valutis kursis ucvlelobis SemTxvevaSi im depozitebs 40 milioni dolariT meti saqonlis SeZenis unari eqnebodaT dRevandelTan SedarebiT. kidev erTi faqtori, Tu ratom grZobs mosaxleoba mwvaved inflacias. Tu sazogadoebas 10 an 5 Tanabar jgufad davyofT, vnaxavT, rom bolo ori wlis ganmavlobaSi maTi Semosavlebisa da xarjebis done araTanabrad izrdeba. yvelaze maRalSemosavliani 20%_is Semosavlebi da xarjebi nominalurad 20%_iT gaizarda, yvelaze dabalSemosavliani 20%_is ki ucvlelia. TbilisSi yoveli sami ojaxidan erTSi mainc ojaxis arc erT Sromisunarian wevrs anazRaurebiTi samsaxuri ara aqvs, isini an umuSevrebi arian, an sxva saxis Semosavlebze arian damokidebulni. sapensio asakis mosaxleobis mxolod 7% cxovrobs marto, amitom socialuri daculobis, siRaribisa da kvebis problema mxolod moxucTa da pensionerTa siWarbeSi ar mdgomareobs, realurad problema is aris, rom im ojaxebSi, sadac Sromisunariani wevric aris da moxucic, Sromisunariani dasaqmebuli ar aris, raTa man sapensio asakis moqalaqe arCinos. or weliwadSi yvelaze maRal jgufSi nominaluri Semosavlebi 18%_iT gaizarda, yvelaze dabalSi ki ucvleli darCa. Tu amas inflaciis oficialur maCvenebelze gavyofT, anu daaxloebiT 14%_ze, vnaxavT, rom yvelaze dabalSemosavliani 20%_is realuri Semosavlebi 15%_iT Semcirda, yvelaze maRalSemosavlianebisa ki 5_6%_iT gaizarda. pirveli kvintiluri jgufis Semosavlebi gaizarda, meore jgufis ki igive doneze darCa, xolo danarCeni 60%_isa Semcirda. mTlianobaSi ise gamodis, TiTqos qveynis SinameurneobaTa Semosavlebi da xarjebi inflaciis maCvenebelze swrafad izrdeba, magram realur ganzomilebaSi fasebis matebisagan Tavis dacva mxolod 20%_ma SeZlo, kidev 20%_ma mdgomareoba gaiumjobesa, danarCeni 60%_is keTildReoba ki daeca. vambobT, rom biujeti gasammagebulia, pensiebi gaormagda, magram isev statistikuri monacemebiT, swored am mizeziT siRaribis zRvars miRma myofi ojaxebis Sinameurneobis raodenoba ar Semcirebula. es imis gamo xdeba, rom diferencireba sakmaod maRalia. arsebobs sazogadoebis undoblobis kidev erTi mizezi. inflacia aris maCvenebeli, romelic axasiaTebs fasebis dinamikas sazogadoebaSi. TavisTavad igulisxmeba, rom es sazogadoeba met_naklebad erTgvarovani unda iyos. Tu sazogadoebaSi saSualo fena ar aris Camoyalibebuli, iqmneba Catexili xidis problema mdidrebsa da Raribebs Soris da es ori socialurad gansxvavebuli jgufi gansxvavebuli qcevis kulturiT xasiaTdeba.
   isini erT qalaqSi cxovroben, magram maTi miswrafebebi da qcevis kultura absoluturad gansxvavebulia. swored am mizeziT yalibdeba myari undobloba inflaciis maCveneblisadmi. imisaTvis, rom am maCvenebelma sazogadoebis gamaerTianeblis roli iTamaSos, saWiroa saSualo fenis CamoyalibebisaTvis zrunva da mcire da saSualo biznesis ganviTarebis xelSewyoba. es mxolod wminda statistikuri samuSao ar aris. fasebze dakvirveba Tvis 10_dan 20 ricxvamde mimdinareobs, Semdeg xdeba misi Sedareba momdevno Tvis 10_20 ricxvTan, magram es ar aris mTavari. sanam sazogadoeba met_naklebad erTgvarovani ar iqneba, yovelTvis iarsebebs imis saSiSroeba, rom inflaciis maCvenebeli sazogadoebis sxvadasxva fenis mier araTanabrad aRiqmeba. moqmedi meTodikiT, inflaciis maCvenebeli Tvis 10_dan 20 ricxvamde afiqsirebs momxdar cvlilebebs, magram Tu fasebis cvlileba Tvis 21 an 22 ricxvSi moxdeba, igi ukve aRar fiqsirdeba. magaliTad, SarSan agvistos 22 ricxvidan fasebis mkveTri zrda daiwyo navTobproduqtebze, seqtembris 9_10 ricxvSi ki dacema daiwyo, magram es cvlileba dakvirvebis periods ar daemTxva, am xnis ganmavlobaSi mosaxleobam gacilebiT meti gadaixada, ramac misi jibe gvarianad SeaTxela. amis gamo mas aRar darCa saSualeba, rom sxva aranakleb mniSvnelovani saqoneli SeeZina. SeiZleba sxva saqonelze fasebi ar gazrdila, radgan fuli aRar darCa, anu moTxovnis inflaciis faqtori minimumamde Semcirda, magram, inflaciis gaangariSebis moqmedi meTodikiT, es dafiqsireba ar momxdara. saqarTveloSi bevr saqonelze imdenad maRali fasebia, rom maTi Semdgomi zrdis SemTxvevaSi isini gaiangariSeba, rogorc ucvleli fasebi da Sesabamisad, inflaciis maCvenebelze gavlenas ver axdens, realurad ki mosaxleoba maT SesaZenad maRal fass ixdis. SeiZleba inflacia 6% iyos, magram mosaxleoba kolosalur fasebs ixdis samomxmareblo saqonlis SesaZenad.
   daskvnis saxiT minda vTqva, rom Cven sistemuri ekonomika ar gvaqvs, rodesac erTi indikatoris cvlileba garkveul zegavlenas moaxdens meoreze. amis gareSe ki mdgrad ganviTarebaze saubari Znelia. Cveni ekonomika qarTul zRapars hgavs, sadac brolis koSkSi mzeTunaxavia gamoketili, romelsac vaJma akoca. mzeTunaxavs ki diliT da saRamos mcvelebi wonidnen. awonvis Semdeg aRmoCnda, rom misi wona erTi kocnis woniT iyo momatebuli. saqarTvelos ekonomikac im mzeTunaxavis mdgomareobaSia. mrewvelobis zrdis tempi erTi sawarmos muSaobaze ar unda iyos damokidebuli. arc baqo_jeihanis navTobsadenis mSenebloba unda axdendes zegavlenas qveynis Sida produqtze da investiciebis saerTo moculobaze. Cven zrdis maRali tempebi, damatebiTi samuSao adgilebi da mdgradi ganviTareba gvWirdeba. yvelaferi sxva mxolod zedapiruli maCveneblebia, romlebic realur mdgomareobas naklebad axasiaTeben. Sesabamisad, Cveni ekonomikac, TiToeuli Cvenganis keTildReoba da ekonomikuri usafrTxoeba kvlav politikis mZevlad rCeba.
   _ dRevandeli gadasaxedidan, rogoria Tqveni prognozebi inflaciasTan dakavSirebiT?
   
_ saqarTvelos ekonomika moculobiTa da mniSvnelobiT sakmaod pataraa. saidumlos ar warmoadgens is faqti, rom msoflioSi mosaxleobis erT sulze warmoebuli mTliani Sida produqtis daaxloebiT 40%_is doneze varT. gamodis, rom saSualo donezec ki ar varT. am donis misaRwevad ornaxevarjer unda gavzardoT mTliani Sida produqti. Cveni zegavlena msoflio ekonomikaze Zalian mcirea, samagierod, msoflio ekonomikis zegavlena Cvens Sida ekonomikaze Zalian maRalia. pirvel rigSi, energetikuli resursebiT varT damokidebuli sxva qveynebze.
   Tavis droze saqarTvelos 100_ze meti mrewvelobis dargi da warmoeba hqonda ganviTarebuli, cot_cota yvelaferi iyo, magram es Cvens erovnul ekonomikas monopoliur mdgomareobas ver aZlevda. amitom fasebis zrda damokidebulia im gare faqtorebze, rac msoflio ekonomikaSi viTardeba. iq ki energomatareblebi Zvirdeba, radgan izrdeba moTxovna. Sesabamisad, Cven gverds ver avuvliT xarjebis inflacias.
   
   ratom gaZvirda Cveni cxovreba da ras unda velodoT uaxlos TveebSi
   
   
am sakiTxTan dakavSirebiT gavesaubreT eqspert gela xaniSvils.
   _ batono gela, gviTxariT, ra xdeba kvebis mrewvelobis biznesSi?
   
_ vfiqrob, es aris dikusia, romelic Tavis gzas naxavs. daviwyoT xorblidan. xorbali saxelmwifoebrivi strategiuli mniSvnelobiT nebismieri saxelmwifosaTvis sayrdenis rols TamaSobs. igi mxolod kvebis produqti rodia, romelic SeiZleba iyos an ar iyos sasursaTo kalaTaSi Tu nebismier sufraze. xorblis fass, mis miwodebas, warmoebasa da imports SeuZlia gansazRvros qveyanaSi ekonomikuri ganviTarebis strategia. nebismier qveyanaSi puris gaZvireba seriozuli indikatoria imisaTvis, rom yvelaferi gaZvirdeba. am rols CvenTan navTob_produqtebi TamaSobs, magram gacilebiT meti datvirTva aqvs puris fasebis dinamikas da zogadad puriT qveynis uzrunvelyofas. sainteresoa, Tu ra xdeba dRes am mxriv saqarTveloSi. damoukidebeli saqarTvelos arsebobis Semdgom, SeiZleba iTqvas, rom am mxriv qaosi iyo. SevardnaZis prezidentobis periodSi arsebobda misi brZanebuleba, rom qveyanas gardamavali resursi unda hqonoda, saubari iyo 80 000 tona xorbalze, romelic arasodes ar gvqonia. es brZanebuleba 1996 wels miiRes. am resursis aucileblobas yvela asabuTebda, visac soflis meurneobis ministris savarZeli ekava. magram yvelaze mTavari is aris, rom es resursi arasodes ar Seqmnila.
   _
ratom?
   _ imitom, rom am periodis ganmavlobaSi, konkretulad ki 1992 wlidan saqarTvelos xorblis bazars amerikis SeerTebuli Statebi aregulirebda. bazarze yovelTvis iyo amerikidan Semotanili xorbali _ 50 000_100 000 tona an meti. Tan mudmivad iyo strategia, Tu ra raodenobis xorbali moewodeboda saqarTvelos da rodis. anu realurad, es sakiTxi saxelmwifoebrivi yuradRebiT sargeblobda.
   _ rogor icvleboda xorblis moxmareba?
   
_ bolo wlebSi Cvens qveyanaSi xorblis moxmareba xarisxobriv da Tvisebriv cvlilebebs ganicdis, rac Cveulebrivi momxmareblisTvis naklebad SesamCnevia. xorbali modioda ruseTidan, ukrainidan da Sua aziidan, magram safuZveli amerikuli xorblis baza iyo, romelic mis xarisxobriv gaumjobesebasa da normaluri xarisxis fqvilis miRebas emsaxureboda. anu amerikul xorbals, Sefaruli rezervis garda, kidev ramdenime datvirTva hqonda, rac CvenSi ukuRma gaiges. amerikuli xorbali qarTul xorbals hyidda, anu Tu bazarze maRalxarisxiani xorbali ar iqneba, adgilobrivi warmoebis xorbali, romelic, samwuxarod, xarisxobrivi maCvenebliT ar gamoirCeva, ver gaiyideba. xorblis xarisxs uamravi qveda done aqvs. CvenTan ar aris kargi saTesle meurneoba, miwa ar aris kargad movlili da dasvenebuli, ganviTarebuli ar aris sasuqis kultura. Tu sxva qveyana heqtarze 8_10 tonas iRebs, saqarTvelo iRebs 2_3 tonas da es did warmatebad iTvleba. iyo SemTxveva, rodesac CvenSi 80 centneric aiRes, magram rodis? rodesac gvalvian 2000 wels aSS_m 6000 tona kargi saTesle xorbali gvaCuqa da kaxeTsa da SiraqSi 8 tona movida heqtarze. CvenTan arc Teslbrunva xdeba da arc jiSebze dakvirveba, rac xdeba, imdenad mcirea, rom aminds ver qmnis.
   _ ratom ver Seinaxes amerikis naCuqari kargi Tesli?
   
_ Tesls erTi, ori an sami wlis manZilze SeuZlia kargi xarisxis xorblis mocema. igi nebismieri sxva nedleulis msgavsad ganaxlebas moiTxovs. qveyanaSi unda arsebobdes biznesi, romelic Tesls gamoiyvans da fermers uzrunvelyofs maRalxarisxiani xorblis mosayvanad. dRes am mxriv qveyanaSi vakuumia. glexi gadaarCevs xorbals da iqidan arCevs saTesles.
   _ ramdenia CvenSi saerTo mosavali?
   
_ mosavlis saerTo raodenobam saqarTveloSi pikis periodSi, rodesac 80 centneri moiyvanes heqtarze, realurad miaRwia daaxloebiT 230_250 aTas tonas. es absoluturad araseriozuli maCvenebelia, radgan daaxloebiT 80000 tona sasursaTo xorbalia, rac qveynis moTxovnis mxolod 10%_s warmoadgens. anu daaxloebiT 800000 tona xorbali unda daifqvas. moxmarebis raodenoba mudmivi ar aris. Tu qveyanaSi izrdeba namcxvarze an makaronze moTxovna, xorbalze moTxovnac izrdeba. igive exeba mesaqonleobasac. Tu gvinda konbinirebuli sakvebis warmoeba, rom qveyanaSi arasasursaTo xorbalic gvqondes, maSin es 700_800 aTasi tona milioni gaxdeba. imis Tqma minda, rom sistema, Tu ramdeni xorbali gvWirdeba, mravalmaCvenebliania, magram dReisaTvis aprobirebuli da SeTanxmebulia, rom saqarTvelo daaxloebiT 700 000 tona xorbals moixmars. moTxovnis 100%_iT dakmayofileba qveyanaSi nawarmoebi xorbliT, Cemi azriT, SeuZlebelia, radgan is miwa, romelzec ufro maRalrentabeluri da ekonomikisaTvis metad mniSvnelovani sxva sasursaTo produqcia modis, xorbliT ar unda iyos dakavebuli.
   _ gamodis, xorblis bazris dacvas didi saxelmwifoebrivi mniSvneloba ara aqvs?
   
_ diax, asea. magram, Cemi azriT, bazris dacvas yvela segmentSi gaazreba da individualuri midgoma sWirdeba. ras niSnavs xorblis bazris dacva _ SeiZleba, xorblis warmoeba ar davicvaT, magram aucileblad unda davicvaT xorblis gadamamuSavebeli mrewveloba, anu qveyanaSi unda SemovitanoT xorbali da ar unda SemovitanoT fqvili. ai, es unda iyos qveynis strategia. saxelmwifo interesebis dacva sruliad ar gamoricxavs Tavisufali ekonomikis arsebobas da am Tavisufali ekonomikis msoflio segmentSi saqarTvelos adgils. saxelmZRvaneloebSi, romlebic amerikis raobas gansazRvraven, weria, rom amerika icavs mwarmoeblebisa da momxmareblebis interesebs.
   _ iqneb sjobs sabaJo gadasaxadis gauqmeba xorbalze, raTa glexi mixvdes da xorblis moyvanas sxva kulturis moyvana arCios. aviRoT samegrelos magaliTi, xSirad simindi iq mohyavdaT, sadac gacilebiT dabali Semosavali mohqonda, vidre imave adgilze moyvanili limoni moitanda.
   
_ dageTanxmebiT, magram, samwuxarod, xorblis ganviTarebis areali mkacrad gansazRvrulia regionebis mixedviT. zogierT farTobze xorblis garda sxva mosavals ver moiyvan. rac Seexeba imas, SeiZleba Tu ara saqarTveloSi im raodenobis xorblis moyvana, romelic qveynis moTxovnas uzrunvelyofs, gipasuxebT, rom SeiZleba, Tu sxva farTobs mTlianad dauTmob am saqmes. rogoria segmenti _ xorblis warmoeba, misi gadamuSaveba, fqvilis importi, Semdgom pur_produqtebis warmoeba da sabolood momxmareblis interesi. ra Tqma unda, yvela segmenti dasacvelia, dawyebuli momxmareblis interesidan, romelsac Semoutan fqvils ruseTidan da iafi puri eqneba. magram arsebobs zogadi ekonomikuri segmenti _ saqarTveloSi aris iseTi masStabis gadamamuSavebeli mrewveloba, romelsac SeuZlia Tanabar pirobebSi, anu sworad dabegvris pirobebSi, mogvces Tanabarfasiani fqvili. erTi sityviT, es iqneba konkurentunariani fqvili. magram ar vsaubrobT xarisxze, radgan fqvilis warmoeba Zalian konservatorulia saqarTvelos da msoflios wisqvilebSi. Tu ar CavTvliT avtomatikis bolo etaps, danarCeni danadgarebis sistema faqtobrivad ucvlelia. problema is aris, rom sazRvarze Semodis fqvili, romlis ganbaJebis Rirebulebac xelovnuradaa Seqmnili. anu, xSir SemTxvevaSi misi ganbaJeba xorblis ganbaJebaze naklebi jdeba. tona xorbals 170 dolaridan abaJebdnen da tona fqvilis ganbaJebac igive TanxaSi xdeboda, maSin, rodesac sul mcire, gadamuSavebis xarjidan dawyebuli, misi invoisi 1/3_iT Zviri unda iyos. miT umetes, rom xorbalzec da fqvilzec Zalze seriozul rols TamaSobs transportirebis xarji. SeiZleba, sezonze xorbali 80 dolarad iyido yazaxeTSi, magram misi transportireba dagijdes 60 dolari. amiT imis Tqma minda, rom bazris meqanizmis dacvis TvalsazrisiT qarTul bazars xelovnuri barierebis Seqmna ar sWirdeba. mas erTiani sabaJo politikis gatareba esaWiroeba. ki batono, iyos nulovani dabegvra amerikul, evropul, ukrainul da yvela sxva xorbalze. aseT pirobebSic ki qarTul xorbals problema ar eqmneba, radgan mwarmoebeli transportirebis xarjebs ar ixdis da is mainc konkurentunariania, mas mainc rCeba maRalxarisxiani xorblis moyvanis stimuli amave dros misi dabalxarisxiani xorbali Ria fasiT Semotanil amerikul, rusul Tu yazaxur maRalxarisxian xorbalTan Serevis gziT miewodeba momxmarebels.
   _ ramdenad imoqmedebs es fasze? logikuria, rom nulovani sabaJo dabegvriT Cven daucvelad ar vtovebT qarTuli xorblis bazars, piriqiT, amiT SeiZleba avamuSavoT wisqvilkombinatebi. radgan transportirebis xarji naklebia, qarTuli warmoeba realurad konkurentunariania. wisqvilkombinatebis ganviTarebas vuwyobT xels 12%_iani gadasaxadis moxsniT. rusulis garda, maRalxarisxiani kanaduri, evropuli da amerikuli xorbali Semova da gadasaxadis gauqmebiT perspeqtiva uCndeba Cvens wisqvilkombinatebs. am mxriv xorbali ar gaZvirdeba, magram legalizaciis xarisxis aweviT, kaxuri xorblis legalurad aRricxvis pirobebSi, rac dRes xSir SemTxvevaSi piriqiTaa, Tu rusuli xorbali realuri invoisiT Semova, fqvili gaZvirdeba. Tqveni azriT, ramdeni procentiT gaZvirdeba fqvili?
   
_ aris erTi Zalian mniSvnelovani momenti _ faqtobrivi biznesi xorblis importiorebia, maT Soris, fqvilis importiorebic, romlebic muSaoben principiT _ Tvlebidan montaJi, es samSeneblo terminia, anu movida samSeneblo kostruqcia, daicala. samSeneblo konstruqcias adgilze aravin asawyobebs. magram ar SeiZleba igive xdebodes xorblis warmoebaSi. dRes bazarze purisa da fqvilis fass ar aregulirebs saqarTvelos biznesi da qarTuli ekonomika, aramed saqarTvelos ekonomikis gareT mimdinare procesebi. ufro konkretulad, qarTuli xorbali segmentze gadamwyvet rols ver TamaSobs, magram amave dros Zalian mniSvnelovani Tviseba aqvs _ qarTveli glexi xorblis mcire marags yidis, yvela sxva qveynis glexis msgavsad, anu imdens, rac mis danaxarjebs dafaravs. es exeba sawvav energetikas, sasuqs da a.S, danarCeni xorblis sezonisTvis Senaxvas cdilobs. romelia es sezoni _ xorbali modis zafxulSi, mosavlis aReba xdeba ivlis_agvistoSi, seqtember_oqtomberi is Tveebia, rodesac xorbali jer kidev iafia, noemberSi xdeba fasebis stabilizacia da dekembridan iwyeba misi zrda, rac Zalian bevr faqtorzea damokidebuli, magram ara qarTul ekonomikaze. saqarTveloSi xorblis fass realurad ra emateba, rodesac arc erT mewarmes resursi ara aqvs mis Semosatanad. amitom xorblis fass bankis resursis gamoyeneba aZvirebs.
   _ romelic bolo dros Zalian gaZvirda.
   
_ romelic Zalian gaZvirda da xorblisTvis zogadad mniSvnelovani tvirTia, radgan Tu warmovidgenT Sua movaWres, wisqvils da ruseTidan momwodebels, yvelaze didi marJa movaWrisaTvis SeiZleba iyos 10 dolari, pikis dros ki 15 dolari. 5 dolari tonaze aris bankis momsaxurebis danaxarjebi da misi procenti. rodesac portSi modis xorbali, iq unda iyido, misce mewarmes da aiRo ori an samTviani periodi, rom man fuli gadagixados. am periodis manZilze banki iRebs 5 dolars, kompania ki daaxloebiT oTxnaxevar dolars. magram esec ar aris mTavari. mTavaria is, rom Cven ruseTis xorblis fasze varT damokidebuli.
   dRes ruseTSi ZiriTadi moTamaSea ~glenkori~ da ~dreifusi~. am orma kompaniam mTeli rusuli maragi iyida da bazarze monopolistad gvevlineba. maT Tu undaT, spekulaciur fasebsac Semoagdebes da saerTod, imas gaakeTeben, rac surT. ruseTSi kidev arian Tavisufali moTamaSeebi _ kolmeurneobebi, elevatorebi, romlebsac drois garkveul monakveTSi Tavisufali TamaSis saSualeba hqondaT, magram zemoxsenebuli kompaniebis Semosvlis Semdeg amis saSualeba moespoT. ~dreifusma~ xorbali pikur dabal fasebSi iyida, rac mewarmes unda gaekeTebina da dRes TviTon gvTavazobs TamaSis wesebs. davuSvaT, aris kolmeurneoba, romelsac jer kidev aqvs xorbali. ratom daagdebs is fass ~dreifusze~ dabla? isic mTavar monopolists misdevs da am mTavar monopolists misdevs adgilobrivi qarTveli glexic. tona xorbali daaxloebiT orTvenaxevris win 125_130 dolari Rirda. saubaria rusul, mesame klasis xorbalze.
   _ amerikuli xorbali ra Rirs?
   
_ amerikuli xorbali bazarze aRar aris da es calke Temaa. dRes saqarTvelos importiorebi metwilad rusul xorbalze muSaoben. ruseTs Zalian maRalxarisxiani da kargi xorbali aqvs. yazaxeTsac kargi xorbali aqvs, magram yazaxuri xorbali ufro mkvrivia da is unda gaerios sxvas, rom kargi xarisxis fqvili miviRoT. saerTod, rac meti saxeobis xorbali geqneba, ufro kargia, magram unda arsebobdes mudmivi xorbali. qarTuli sawarmoebi dRes imis mixedviT muSaoben, Tu romeli xorbali Semodis bazarze. ar arsebobs dagegmili mTliani cikli, aseve ar arsebobs maragi. ucnobia, Tu vin igebs am biznesSi. ra Tqma unda, Teoriulad kargia, Tu qarTveli mewarme pikis periodSi tona xorbals 135 dolarad iyidis da kvlav pikis periodSi 170_175 dolarad gayidis. ra aris realuri momenti _ wisqvils hqonda xorbali, dafqva da kvlav unda iyidos. igi dafqvisas iRebs mogebas, magram xorblis kvlav SesaZenad midis ruseTSi, sadac gaZvirebuli fasebi xvdeba. Semdgom es etapi grZeldeba, CIF_is pirobebSi sazRvarze tona xorbali 175 dolari Rirs.
   _ ra eRireba xorbali aprilis Sua ricxvebSi?
   
_ samwuxarod, statistika aRar maqvs, radgan adre saxelmwifoSi arsebobda struqtura, romelic dRes kerZo struqturad gaiyida. is ruseTis sxvadasxva bazrebidan yidulobda informacias, xdeboda misi analizi da saxelmwifos _ ekonomikisa da soflis meurneobis saministroebs, aseve kancelariasac miewodeboda ganvlili etapisa da mosalodneli statistikis informacia.
   _ vin iyida es organizacia da ratom aRar xdeba informaciis analizi?
   
_ es iyo Sps agrosistemebi, romelsac mravalgvari funqcia hqonda. igi amerikelebma Seqmnes da evrokavSiris fuliT dafinansebuli organizacia, romelsac Tavdapirvelad, garkveuli regulirebis funqcia hqonda, Semdgom Sps_d gadakeTda da es funqcia moexsna, Tumca is pirdapiri gziT iRebda humanitarul xorbals, mere ki tenderSi gamarjvebebis gziT, magram bazris Seswavlas agrZelebda da amerikuli xorblis garda, rusul, yazaxur da ukrainul xorbalzec muSaobda. am organizacias finansuri resursi ar gaaCnda, rom bazarze seriozuli warmateba hqonoda, bolo wlebSi ki faqtobrivad ar misces komerciuli saqmianobis ufleba. 2002 wels amerikelma eqspertebma misi perspeqtiva Seiswavles. es is droa, rodesac ergneTi yvavis da kontrabandis seriozuli problemebia. daskvna Semdegi iyo, rom is saxelmwifosTvis ver asrulebda im rols, rom saxelmwifos komercia ewarmoebina, magram arsebobda alternativa, rom saxelmwifos, Tu hqonda amis survili, es organizacia gardaeqmna iseT struqturad, romelic saxelmwifos mier Sesasrulebel funqciebs Seasrulebda, is ar ivaWrebda xorbliT, aramed moemsaxureboda saxelmwifos, ganaxorcielebda analizs da kvlevas. saxelmwifos arCevani aseTi iyo _ igi gaiyida rogorc Sps 100%_iani wiliT, iyida investorma azerbaijanidan da am organizaciam arseboba Sewyvita. is axla sxva organizaciebis msgavsad, xorbals fqvavs da yidis. bazars Seemata erTi moTamaSe wisqvilis saxiT, magram absoluturad gamoiricxa is rgoli, romelic organizaciis kerZo samarTlis piris statusiT saxelmwifo saqmes asrulebda. dRes am informacias aravin yidulobs.
   _ Sesabamisad, ar SegviZlia ganvsazRvroT, rogori iqneba inflacia.
   
_ diax. me SemiZlia erTi ram vTqva Zveli gamocdilebidan, rom martis Tvis fasebi zeda pikuri zRvari ar iqneba, igi kidev gaizrdeba. zogadi statistikis mixedviT, rodesac qveyanaSi xorblis prognozirebadi mosavalia, mxedvelobaSi maqvs ruseTi, ukraina da yazaxeTi, anu is regionebi, vinc ZiriTadad gvamaragebs, stabiluri fasebi iqneba seqtember_oqtomberSi, dekembridan fasebi aiwevs, maisidan ki Semcirdeba. magram Cven informacias rusuli da amerikuli kompaniebidan vyidulobdiT, romlebic ikvleven, Tu ra perspeqtiva aqvs mosavals 2006 wels. xorblis fasi zRvrul dabal fasze ar Camova, Tu mosavlis perspeqtiva cudia. daaxloebiT sami wlis win xorblis bazarze maxasiaTebeli movlena moxda. ruseTi weliwadSi daaxloebiT moixmars 60_70 milioni tonis farglebSi sasursaTo xorbals. daaxloebiT 10_12 milion tona xorbals moixmars ukraina. Tu ar vcdebi, 2002 wels ruseTsa da ukarainaSi erTdroulad movida Zalian didi mosavali, imdenad didi, rom ruseTs naSTi darCa 20 milion tonamde. gauyidavi naSTebi ukrainaSic darCa. am faqtma bazarze fasis mkveTri vardna ganapiroba da kilogrami xorbali sami centi Rirda. amis gamo ruseTma da ukrainam mravalmiliontoniani kontraqtebi gaaformes evropis bazarze, bazarma xorbali gaiwova da am pirobebSi xelSekrulebebi momavali wlisTvis darCa. momaval wels iseTi mosavali ar movida, Seusrulebeli darCa sagareo valdebulebebi da deficiti Seiqmna ruseTSic da ukrainaSic. rusul bazars cimbirSic mohyavs xorbali. igi rom versad waiRes, TviTon saxelmwifom SeiZina da deficitis pirobebSi es xorbali ruseTs gamoadga. man xorblis yazaxeTidan da uzbekeTidan Sesyidvac daiwyo. uzbekeTis praqtikaSi es iyo pirveli SemTxveva, rodesac 1 milioni tona xorbli eqsportze gaitanes. magram ukrainam versaidan moaxerxa xorblis Sesyidva da aSS_m gemiT daiwyo misTvis xorblis miwodeba, raTa bazarze katastrofa ar momxdariyo. amas Seewira premier_ministris moadgile da statistikis komiteti. qarTul bazarze tomara fqvili Rirda 17_20 lari, am gaZvirebam ki pirdapiri dartyma miayena saqarTvelos da erTi tomara fqvilis fasi 40_42 lari gaxda. es is periodia, rodesac saxelmwifom ara Riad, magram farulad bazris regulireba daiwyo da instrumentad erTaderTi rezervi, amerikuli xorbali gamoiyena. dRes qarTul bazarze fasebis pikuri vardna ar aris mosalodneli, magram fasebis ryeva mudmivi da Tanamdevi procesia.
   _ amitom mudmivad saWiroa monitoringi.
   
_ saWiroa, saxelmwifom icodes, ra rezervi aqvs.
   _ miT umetes, iseTi qveynisTvis, rogoric saqarTveloa, sadac inflaciis gamosaangariSeblad samomxmareblo kalaTaSi lomis wili kvebis produqtebSi purs uWiravs da misi fasi ganmsazRvreli xdeba. rodesac inflaciaze vsaubrobT, realuri inflacia unda gaviangariSoT.
   _ fiqrobT Tu ara, rom april_maisSi puris fasi aiwevs?
   
_ me vfiqrob, rom fasebi stabiluri iqneba. wels marJebi sakmaod didia. puris fasebze saubari daiwyo, rodesac tomara fqvilis saSualo fasi 42 lars miuaxlovda. dRes misi Rirebuleba 30 larze qvemoT aris. amitom puris gaZvirebis saSiSroeba jer ar Cans. arc imis saSiSroebaa, rom ruseTis bazarze Seiqmnas deficiti, rogorc ramdenime wlis win moxda. magram iqneba bunebrivi mateba, Tumcam Semdgom fqvilis mwarmoeblebi Tu puris mcxobelebi purze fass formalurad SeinarCuneben da mas Sida resursebis gziT daaregulireben. kidev erTxel vimeoreb, rom puris fasebi jerjerobiT ar aiwevs, Tumca legalizaciis masStabebis gazrdam energoseqtorSi, gazis seqtorSi, wylis seqtorSi, TviT puris aRricxvis TvalsazrisiT, rasac salaro aparatebi, vfiqrob, aucileblad gamoiwvevs, SeiZleba moaxdinos bazarze provocireba fasebis matebis TvalsazrisiT. Tumca qarTveli momxmareblis sabednierod, unda iTqvas, rom msxvil mcxobelebsa da wvril mcxobelebs Soris imdenad maRali konkurenciaa, rom sxvadasxva gzebiT fasebi mainc narCundeba da rom ara fasebis pikuri emociuri vardna, konkurenciis pirobebSi momxmareblis dakargvis SiSiT mainc cdiloben fasis SenarCunebas. saerTod, unda iTqvas, rom qarTuli puris fasi dastabilurda da SenarCunda im pikuri fasebis drosac, rodesac tomara fqvili 42 lari Rirda, aravin daagdo mkveTrad fasebi. Tumca iyo garkveuli ryeva. amitom Tonis puri, romelic 50 TeTrad iyideboda, 60 TeTri gaxda, Semdeg es fasi bevrma SeinarCuna da zogma kvlav dabla daswia. amitom kidev erTxel vimeoreb, rom resursi jerjerobiT didia. magram puris fasis SenarCuneba ar niSnavs imas, rom xorblis fasi ar gaZvirdeba. me mxolod imis Tqma minda, rom realurad saqarTvelos biznesSi jerjerobiT ar aris is Zala, romelic im mogebas, rac obieqturad aris xorblis biznesSi, qarTul ekonomikaSi datovebs. Cven mxolod vyidulobT da vyidiT. sasursaTo usafrTxoebis TvalsazrisiT qveyana dRes faqtobrivad daucvelia. gvqonda erTi SemTxveva, rodesac zvavis gamo sazRvari ori kviriT Caiketa. im periodSi Cven 12000 tona xorbali gavyideT, radgan qarTuli xorblis gadamamuSavebeli mrewveloba xorblis gareSe aRmoCnda da, Sesabamisad, sacxobi _ fqvilis gareSe. rom ara amerikuli xorbali, anu resursi, romelic im periodSi arsebobda, problema umwvavesi iqneboda. dRes sakmarisia, aseTi politikuri daZabulobis pirobebSi vinmes survili gauCndes da Tqvas, rom qarTul bazarze ar unda iyidebodes misi xorbali, an Tu gaiyideba, fasi mkveTrad maRali unda iyos, rom es seriozul problemebs warmoSobs. amerikidan datvirTuli gemis Camosvlas 25 dRe sWirdeba. anu am bazarze avtomaturad iqneba erTTviani, an orTviani vardna. soflis meurneobis saministroSi muSaobs omar kaWarava, romlis gamocdilebaze, codnasa da pirad urTierTobebze dgas informaciis miReba. minda giTxraT, rom informaciis wyaro ar arsebobs, radgan kerZo mewarme ar aris valdebuli, soflis meurneobis saministros acnobos, Tu ra xorbali Semoitana da ra raodenobiT. Tan es statistika mudmivad cvladia, radgan ver iqmneba maragi.
   _ vin aris saqarTveloSi xorblis Semomtani?
   
_ xorblis realuri momwodebeli ruseTidan aris erTi, raoden paradoqsuladac unda JRerdes es. es aris erTi qarTveli qalbatoni, romelic warmatebuli biznesmenia ruseTSi da ZiriTadad is kvebavs xorblis Semomtanebs, ara mxolod saqarTveloSi, aramed somxeTSic.
   _ vin aris es qalbatoni?
   
_ samwuxarod gvari ar vici, misi saxeli ki maiaa.
   _ arsebobs informacia, rom zogirT wisqvilkombinats xorbali krasnodaridan Semoaqvs.
   
_ xorbali Semoaqvs goris kombinats, kaWreTs, quTaiss, mzekabans da xorblis birJas. xorbliT momaragebis realuri sayrdeni wertili aris es biznesmeni, romelsac kargi urTierTobebi aqvs da metad mniSvnelovania, rom am maias meSveobiT saqarTveloSi iafi xorbali Semodis. anu Tu xorblis momwodebeli ~glenkori~ an ~dreifrusi~ iqneboda igi 5_10 dolariT Zviri eRireboda. am SemTxvevaSi ki es biznesi legaluria, magram sxvadasxva wisqvilkombinatis realuri momwodebeli erTi wyaroa. dRes saqarTveloSi Semotanili xorblis 200_250 aTasi tona rusulia.
   _ xorblis da fqvilis bazris 90% ruseTzea damokidebuli?
   
_ diax, asea.
   _ ramdenia amerikuli daxmareba?
   
_ amerikuli daxmareba aRaraferi aRar aris. bolo amerikuli daxmareba humanitaruli daxmarebis saxiT iyo 2004 wlis Semodgomaze. maSin saqarTveloSi Semovida 50000 tona. TviT Cvenma xelisuflebam Tqva uari amerikul daxmarebaze. rodesac es daxmareba saqarTveloSi Semodioda, is did saqmes akeTebda bazaris regulirebis TvalsazrisiT. amas garda, mas mniSvnelovani funqcia hqonda _ amonagebi Tanxa mTlianad miemarTeboda soflis meurneobis saministros spec angariSze, romelic unda moxmardes sasoflo _ sameurneo programebis ganviTarebasa da ganxorcielebas. Tumca jer araferi ganxorcielebula.
   _ Seamcira Tu ara amerikam daxmareba da xorblis nacvlad sxva rames Tu gvaZlevs?
   
_ amerikis daxmarebaSi xorbals mxolod finansuri resursis mocemis mizani ar hqonda. man qveyana namdvilad ixsna SimSilisgan.
   _ erTi sityviT, Cven mTlianad ruseTze varT damokidebuli ara mxolod gaziT, aramed meore strategiuli produqtiTac _ xorbliT. Cven daucvelebi varT, radgan xorblis alternatiuli mowodebis wyaro ar gvaqvs.
   
_ alternatiuli wyaro Teoriulad arsebobs, SeiZleba xorbali amerikisgan an ukrainisgan iyido.
   _ ramdeni Zlieri wisqvilkombinatia dRes saqarTveloSi?
   
_ daaxloebiT 10. foTis, zugdidis, quTaisis, goris, bazarze kvlav daiwyo TamaSi didubem, mzekabani, seriozulad amuSavda marneulis wisqvilkombinati, kaWreTs aqvs didi perspeqtiva, rusTavis, mas didi gamocdileba aqvs, Semoaqvs rusuli xorbali maTive kapitaliT. Semoaqvs ~anafs~, romelic damoukidebeli moTamaSea, aWaraSi aRar arsebobs xorblis gadamamuSavebeli mrewveloba. am Zveli da Zlieri kombinatebis paralelurad saqarTveloSi ganviTarda wisqvilkombinatebi, romlebsac mcires veRar uwodeb. TbilisSi ukve aris sami_oTxi seriozuli sawarmo. magram maTac problemebi aqvT, radgan didi investiciebia Cadebuli da ukugeba sakmaod mcirea. kidev arsebobs informacia, rom TbilisSi Zalze seriozuli wisqvili Sendeba. saintereso da mTavari is aris, rom 30 000 _ toniani elevatoris da 500 _ toniani axali, Tanamedrove wisqvilis aSeneba ukve seriozuli ganacxadia. Cven mier CamoTvlili kombinatebidan yvelam Tavis warmadobiT rom imuSaos, fqvili amierkavkasiasa da Sua aziaSic gadava. saqarTvelos kombinatebis 20% sakmarisia qarTuli bazris dasakmayofileblad.
   _ rogor fiqrobT, ra unda gakeTdes, rom es potenciali saeqsporto potencialad gamoviyenoT?
   
_ Cemi azriT, verafers gaakeTeb. somxeTSi fqvils ver Seitan, radgan am qveynaSi muSaobs xorblis gadamamuSavebeli yvela sawarmo. somxeTSi xorblis ZiriTadi masa Sedis saqarTvelos gavliT. CvenSi Semodis somxuri fqvili da mas advilad naxavT qarTul bazarze. rac Seexeba azerbaijans, iq SeiZleba swori menejmentis pirobebSi erTaderTi ramis gamo Sexvide _ Cveni fqvili xarisxiT ugebs azerbaijanuls. magram mas axlos hyavs yazaxeTi da masze ufro iafi xorbali saqarTvelos ver eqneba, Sesabamisad, es fqvilsac exeba.
   _ maSin ra saWiroa amdeni Zlieri kombinati?
   
_ swored mand mivediT. am simZlavreebSi gadarCeba Tanamedrove kombinatebi. marneulis kombinatis msgavsi gigantebis dro wasulia. foTis kombinati iarsebebs imitom, rom portTan axlosaa, magram iq warmoebul fqvils konkurentebi TurqeTSi hyavs. TurqeTi pirdapiri dotaciiT axalisebs eqsports, amitom mas Zalian iafi fqvili aqvs.
   _ aqvs Tu ara amis ufleba?
   
_ Zlier qveynebs yvelafris ufleba aqvT. SegiZlia, Turquli fqvili qveynaSi Zalian iafad Semoitano. TurqeTi eqsportiors pirdapir dafinansebas aZlevs. amis Sesaxeb parlamentSi mivitaneT cxrilebi, magram Sedegi ar gamoiRo. ratom ar aris aWaraSi marcvalgadamamuSavebeli mrewveloba imitom, rom amas azri ara aqvs. goris fqvili xarisxiT maRalia. foTis wina xelmZRvanelobam warmoeba mospo, zurab comaiam ki yvelaferi gaakeTa situaciis gamosasworeblad, magram ver SeZlo. foTis fqvili qarTul bazarze kvotirebda, is iyo yvelaze maRalxarisxiani. dRes ki foTis fqvili warsulis saxeliT iyideba.
   _ ra iqneba gamosavali? raSia perspeqtiva?
   
_ Cveni perspeqtivaa Ria bazari xorblisTvis, nulovani sabaJo gadasaxadiT. aseve konkurentuli barieris Seqmna fqvilisTvis. magram es mxolod Teoriaa, radgan saqarTvelos dadebuli aqvs xelSekrulebebi, romelTac ver Secvlis. rCeba mxolod praqtikuli gadawyvetileba, ar moxdes sazRvarze ganbaJeba xelovnuri fasis mixedviT, anu fqvils ar hqondes lobireba, rom misi realuri Rirebuleba ar iyos dafiqsirebuli.
   _ keTili. samomxmareblo kalaTis meore mniSvnelovani produqtia Saqari, romlis inflaciamac mosaxleoba Seawuxa.
   
_ gulaxdilad unda vTqva, rom Saqris biznesSi Caxeduli ar var, magram, Cemi azriaT, SeiZleba SaqrisTvis gaixsnas bazari, raTa importis gziT Semovides. aseve SeiZleba, Teoriulad ganvixiloT agaris warmoeba.
   _ ramdenad rentabeluria igi?
   
_ agara mibmuli iyo Saqris Warxlis momyvan regionze _ xaSuri, qareli, gori. komunistebis drosac agara ZiriTadad kubis lerwams iRebda da mas amuSavebda, anu Saqars aTeTrebda. me mainc vfiqrob, rom agaris Saqris warmoeba ufro politikuri anturaJi iyo.
   _ aqvs Tu ara mas realuri perspeqtiva?
   
_ samwuxarod, ar vici, ramdenad aqvs mas unari, qveynis Saqarze moTxovna uzrunvelyos.
   _ aris Tu ara qarxnisTvis momgebiani Warxlis moyvana?
   
_ ara. gamoricxulia. agaris Saqris warmoebis mibma imaze, rom qarTlis miwa kvlav Saqris Warxlis moyvanisTvis gamoiyeno, romelic saSinlad mZime kulturaa, swori ar iqneba. es dabalrentabeluria da aravis vurCev.
   _ anu, Saqaris Warxalze sabaJo gadasaxadis gauqmebiT bazars zians ar vayenebT. piriqiT, agaris qarxanas nedleuls vuiafebT. magram mainc seriozuli inflacia gvaqvs Saqris kuTxiT, Tan varaudoben, rom cudi mosavali iqneba.
   
_ Cemi informaciiT, Saqarze msoflioSi deficiti iqneba, rac rasakvirvelia, qarTul bazarzec aisaxeba. qarTul bazarze Saqari gaZvirdeba, magram es qarTuli ekonomikis brali ar iqneba. mTavaria, saxelmwifom iseTi poza ar daiWiros, TiTqos araferi xdeba. am SemTxvevaSi xelisuflebam xalxs unda auxsnas situacia. aris sakiTxebi, romlebzedac pretenziis gamoTqma SeiZleba, magram arsebobs iseTi sakiTxic, romelic saxelmwifoze ar aris damokidebuli da pretenzia uadgiloa.
   _ samomxmareblo kalaTis Semdegi ZiriTadi ingredientia zeTebi, mzesumzira, cximi.
   
_ me mgonia, rom saqarTveloSi zeTebis warmoebis kargi gamocdilebaa. Siraqis farTobis umetesi nawili ramdenime kulturisTvisaa ganwiruli _ mzesumzira, xorbali. aqac unda SevZloT bazris dacva.
   _ ramdenad xarisxiania Siraqis zeTi?
   
_ qarxnuli gadamuSavebiT yovelTvis SeiZleba xarisxiani zeTis miReba. is zeTi, romelic dRes bazarze iyideba, kustaruladaa gadamuSavebuli da Zalian mZime da mavnebelia janmrTelobisaTvis.
   _ ramdenad rentabeluri da misaRebia qarTuli zeTi?
   
_ sakiTxi ase unda dadges _ ra gvinda Cven? Tu qveyanas SiraqSi aqvs zeTis warmoebis potenciali, mas strategia unda hqondes. es Cemi piradi mosazreba da saxelmwifos strategia ar aris.
   _ aris simindis moyvanisa da misgan zeTis warmoebis programa.
   
_ Tu es programa uzrunvelyofs, rom saqarTvelos mosaxleobam xarisxiani zeTi miiRos da moTxovna 100%_iT dakmayofildes, maSin ukve unda daiwyos zrunva, Tu rogor unda gadaiWras es problema, SeiZleba Cven zeTze, Saqarsa da kombostoze visaubroT, magram unda gairkves, ra surs saxelmwifos, soflis meurneobis ganviTarebis veqtors saiT mimarTavs. Tu mas bazris dacva unda, es mxolod sabaJo gadasaxadiT ar ganisazRvreba. dacvis uamravi berketi arsebobs. qarTlSi amJamad vaSlis baRi Sendeba. am baRis gaSeneba niSnavs dasaqmebul navTob importiors, romelsac sawvavi Semoaqvs, Sxam_qimikatebis importiors, traqtorists da soflis meurneobis muSaks, es niSnavs dasaqmebul da fermerad qceul glexs. aq saubaria zogad saxelmwifo politikaze.
   _ ra gvaqvs kidev amis msgavsi, vaSlis garda?
   
_ yvelaferi gvaqvs. kartofili, magaliTad.
   _ kartofili modis bolnissa da marneulSi. gvaqvs naadrevi da saSemodgomo kartofili, romelic qarTuli bazris moTxovnilebebs ver akmayofilebs da Tu saqarTvelo TurqeTidan kartofils, xaxvs da baRCeuls ar miiRebs, ver icxovrebs.
   
_ ras veZaxiT kartofilis, kombostos da vaSlis warmoebas? imas, rac glexs mohyavs? kargiT, maSin ramdeni procentia es imisa, rac SeiZleba man moiyvanos? me ar mgonia, rom es 30_40%_ze meti iyos. Cven angariSs ar vuwevT imas, rom es potenciali ganadgurebuli gvaqvs. vin Tqva, rom ruseTis garda qarTul kartofils bazari ver eqneba? vin imuSava im sakiTxze, rom xeli Seuwyon qarTvel glexs im kartofilis moyvanaSi, romelic msoflio bazrisTvis iqneba gansazRvruli? Cven ganaTleba im glexamde unda mivitanoT. dRes saxelmwifos es sakiTxi TviTdinebaze aqvs miSvebuli da fiqrobs, rom TavisiT mogvardeba. mauglic gaizarda tyeSi, magram es imas ar niSnavs, rom gazrdili wavkeli glexi Tavisi codniTa da ganaTlebiT miva iqamde, msoflio bazarze Sevides. es calke Temaa. Tu dRes glexs waexmarebi da etyvi, rom vaSlis jiSi kexura rusuli bazrisTvis mohyavs, sadac masze didi moTxovnaa, SeiZleba, xval imave bazarze sxva jiSi _ fuji Sevides, romelic saqarTvelos bazrisTvis saerTod ucnobi iyo. Tu amis Sesaxeb informacias ar mivawvdiT, is kvlav kexuras moyvanas ganagrZobs da bazars veRar daakmayofilebs. Semogvaqvs kaklis axali jiSi, romelic nagara vaSlis xela izrdeba da bevr kakals isxams. amis Sesaxeb glexebs informacia unda mivawodoT, rom axali kulturis gaxareba da gamoyeneba SeZlon. sxva SemTxvevaSi, glexi igive gadawyvetilebamde aucileblad miva, magram, samwuxarod, gvian. aq saubaria saxelmwifoze, romelmac berketebi unda monaxos procesebis dasaCqareblad. man TviTon unda gansazRvros is, rac ar icis glexma. Tu saxelmwifos ara aqvs zogadi strategia, saiT unda wavides, is primitiuli lozungis pirobebSi darCeba, rom yvelafers bazari daaregulirebs. ki batono, daaregulirebs, magram unda gavigoT, rom aq dagegmvaze ar aris laparaki, rodesac glexs etyvi, rom aucileblad 5 tona katofili unda moiyvanos. amerikas gegmuri ekonomika aqvs? rogorc ki Zalze didi raodenobiT xorbali modis da misi fasi vardeba, pirdapiri dotaciiT uvsebs fermers, sxvaobas, raTa man interesi ar dakargos, kvlav moiyvanos xorbali da ar miatovos biznesi. amitomac amerikas didi rezervebi aqvs. dRes CvenTan yvelaferi stiqiurad xdeba. amJamad CvenSi Warxlis didi deficitia, sofelSi erT kilogram WarxalSi larnaxevars ixdian. SarSan igi tonobiT iyreboda. ratom? glexi, romelsac SarSan Warxali gadasayreli gauxda, wels sxva kulturaze gadavida da amitom deficiti Seiqmna. es gasacodavebuli glexoba, romelic ver iqca fermerad, mxolod Toxi da bari aqvs, kvlav Warxals daTesavs da momaval wels isev Warbi Warxali iqneba. es imis Sedegia, rom aseT sakiTxebze zogadi muSaoba ar xdeba. dRes saubari iyo melioraciaze. me vici, rom dRevandelma soflis meurneobis ministrma melioraciis dafinanseba mosvlisTanave SeaCera.
   imis Tqma minda, rom aq mxolod sabaJoze ar aris saubari. saxelmwifom unda ifiqros adgilobrivi warmoebisTvis stimulis micemaze da unda zrunavdes misi ganviTarebisaTvis.
   _ soflis meurneobas ara aqvs raime programa.
   
_ mec vxedav, rom ara aqvs, magram soflis meurneobas dRes sxva winaaRmdegoba uCndeba. im perspeqtivis gamo, rom Sen absoluturad Ria bazars miscem nebismier vaSlsa da wvens, yovelwliurad aTasobiT heqtari vaSlis baRi Sendeba, rac aucileblad moitans problemebs. qarTlSi ruseTTan konfliqtma bazari daketa, xval da zeg glexi baRis gaSenebaze orWofobas daiwyebs. erTi heqtari xexilis baRis movla iafi ar aris, danaxarji ki unda amoiRo. ra Tqma unda, es nebismier kulturas exeba, mas aucileblad unda hqondes bazari.
   _ ras gvetyviT saerTod xorcisa da qaTmis xorcis bazarze. qarTuli warmoebis qaTmis xorci konkurentunariani iyo bazarze, magram gaCnda gauTvaliswinebeli msoflio problema, saxelmwifo ki arafers akeTebs warmoebis dasaxmareblad. Tu ar vcdebi, saqarTvelo 3000 tonamde qaTmis xorcs moixmarda, importis CaTvliT ki 5000 tona qaTams da barkals. am yvelafers sxva saxis xorci Caenacvla, romlis fasic daaxloebiT 30_40%_iT gaizarda. iqneb sjobs, xorcze sabaJo gadasaxadi gavauqmoT, radgan Cven misi warmoebis perspeqtiva ar gvaqvs. inflacia xorcze mosalodnelia?
   
_simciris gamo, saqarTvelos ekonomika nebismier globaluri ryevis mimarT saocrad mgrZnobiarea. darwmunebuli var, rom frinvelis warmoebac ar iqneba amisgan dazRveuli da Tu yvelaferi aseve gagrZeldeba, is absoluturi gakotrebisTvis aris ganwiruli. am problemis mokle droSi gadawyvetas ver vxedav. rac SeiZleba saxelmwifom gaakeTos, is aris, rom man seriozulad ifiqros frinvelis iseTi xorcis warmoebis uzrunvelyofaze, romelic mosaxleobisaTvis usafrTxo iqneba. ra Tqma unda, es Zalian rTulia, magram marto gadamfreni frinvelebis Camovardnaze kontroli mewarmeebis problemas, romlebsac milionebi aqvT am saqmeSi Cadebuli, ver gadaWris. aris erTi momenti, romelic xval SeiZleba Zalian mniSvnelovani gaxdes. xorci katastrofulad gaZvirda da kidev gaZvirdeba. saqarTvelo realurad ar yofila xorcis mwarmoebeli, romelic Tundac cocxal xorcze daakmayofilebda moTxovnas. viciT, rom restornebisa da sazkvebis umravlesoba Semotanil xorcze muSaobs. aRarafers vambob gadamamuSavebel kombinatebze. Zexveulic Semodis. Cven Sida bazarze vsaubrobT, rom Roris da Zroxis xorci gaZvirdeba. magram sad wava frinvelis xorcis problema? esec xom xorcis fass gaaZvirebs, mxolod indoeTze xom ar aris mibmuli msoflio ekonomika. gaZvirdeba Zexveuli, xorci, romelic qveyanaSi nedleulad modis, radgan nebismieri mwarmoebeli qveyana igive problemebis winaSe dadgeba. rac Seexeba saqarTvelos bazars, glexi gamozamTrebul saqonels gazafxulze ar daklavs, magram is saklavi, romelic glexs hyavs, bazris Zalian mcire segments avsebs. Znelia amaze saubari, magram riT aris Cveni bazari gajerebuli da ras klaven Zalian cotam Tu icis. mxolod indur da rusul xorcze ar vsaubrob. Zroxebi bagur kvebaze gadahyavT da aTasgvari maqinaciebiT asuqeben. bazarze dafiqsirebuli fasi ukve gaZvirebulia, magram ufro gaZvirdeba. rogorc iqna, saqarTveloSi frinvelis warmoeba Seiqmna, Tanac Tanamedrove konveieruli meTodiT aRWurvili. bazarze gawodebdnen axal daklul qaTams. magram es jer mecxoveleobaSi ar dawyebula. isev glexi zrdis Rors da Zroxas. kidev erTi, aucileblad gaZvirdeba induri da sxva xorci. unda giTxraT, rom soflis dedals daufiqreblad mivirTmev.
   _ igive exeba Tevzsac, Cven mas ar vawarmoebdiT. magram, magaliTad, Tbili wylebis stavrida bulgareTidan iafad Semodioda. Tevzic katastrofulad gaZvirda. licenzirebaze seriozuli Secdoma davuSviT, Turqebma aiRes mTeli licenziebi. saboloo jamSi, kvebis produqtebis samomxmareblo kalaTa gaZvirebulia da kidev gaZvirdeba.
   _ ras veZaxiT gaZvirebas? Tu fasebs gasul wels SevadarebT, TiTqmis gaormagebulia.
   _ kargiT, SevediT WTO_Si. Tqveni azriT, ratom vauqmebT sabaJo gadasaxadebs? aRarafers vambob im 150 milionze, romelic biujetSi Sedioda. Cemi azriT, qveyanam saxe dakarga, mas ara aqvs politika. saqme ise midis, rom mTavrobis reorganizacia unda moxdes, gauqmdes ekonomikis saministro, finansTa saministros gadaeces misi funqciebi, gauqmdes soflis meurneobis saministro, oRond raRac darCes programebis saxiT da isini Sesyidvebis kanoniT ganxorcieldes. srulad unda gauqmdes energetika, romelic arafers akeTebs. kultura, sporti da ganaTleba gaerTiandes da departamentis saxiT iyos. darCeba erTi msxvili ekonomikisa da finansTa saministro. Tqven ras fiqrobT am sakiTze?
   
_ bolo ori welia, es xelisufleba saxelmwifo struqturebs imis mixedviT ki ar qmnis, ra funqciebi aqvs saxelmwifos Sesasrulebeli, aramed imis mixedviT, rom naklebi saministro sjobs, radgan naklebi xarji iqneba. me vici erTi ram, rom saxelmwifoSi unda arsebobdes misi funqciis ganmsazRvreli, wamyvani struqtura. mas saministro erqmeva, departamenti Tu sxva ram, mniSvneloba ara aqvs. vfiqrob, unda ganisazRvros saxelmwifos funqciebi. Cven xelis erTi mosmiT gadavusviT xazi WTO_s dokuments, rac imaze metyvelebs, rom saqarTvelos arCeuli aqvs erTi gza _ yvelaferi an araferi. mivesalmebi ekonomikis saministros gadawyvetilebas, rom rac liberaluri unda iyos _ liberaluri gaxdes, magram unda iyos Tu ara yvelaferi liberaluri, es sxva sakiTxia da vfoqrob, rom amaze aravis uzrunia da ufiqria. yvelaferze nulovani dabegvra ar SeiZleba da es Zalian male iCens Tavs. mTavaria, naban wyals bavSvic ar gadavayoloT. Teoriulad karg da saWiro midgomas virCevT, magram imdenad vamaxinjebT, rom ukuefeqts viRebT. igivea salaro aparatebis SemTxvevaSic, xelisuflebas unda mieRo adekvaturi gadawyvetilebebi da aseTi Sedegi aRar iqneboda. es ar aris iseTi problema, rom msgavsi xmauri gamoiwvios. Cikagos aeroportSi minaxavs fexsacmlis mwmendavi zangi salaro aparatTan erTad, romelsac hqonda sakredito baraTis Camosasmeli. imaze ki ar unda vmsjelobdeT, saWiroa Tu ara salaro aparati, aramed unda vzrunavdeT, rom fuli jibiT aRar vataroT. esec imitom moxda, rom absoluturad ar iyo nafiqri administraciuli RonisZiebebis gamkacrebaze. samwuxarod, xSirad, kargi wamowyeba cudad mTavrdeba. sabaJo gadasaxadebis liberalizacias rac Seexeba, me vfiqrob, sadac es gasakeTebelia, unda gakeTdes. davijeroT, rom mTel sistemaSi saxelmwifos arsad sWirdeba strategiis ganviTareba? gamodis, rom saxelmwifos strategia nuli yofila.
   
   
   evropaSi saprocento ganakveTebi izrdeba
   
evropis centralurma bankma saprocento ganakveTebi 2.5%_mde gazarda mzardi inflaciis SesaCereblad. ori wlis manZilze evropis centraluri bankis saprocento ganakveTi 2% iyo, rac bolo oTxi Tvis ganmavlobaSi meored gaizarda. gasul TveSi am bankis prezidentma Jan klod triCeTma ganacxada, rom yuradRebiT adevneben Tvalyurs inflaciis maCvenebels.
   eqspertebi varaudoben, rom mimdinare wels saprocento ganakveTebi kvlav gaizrdeba, miT umetes, rodesac aSS_sa da sxva regionebSi igi bevrad maRalia.
   
   CineTi aziaSi oqros udidesi
   maRaros mflobelia
   
avstraliisa da CineTis erToblivi ZalebiT aSenebuli oqros maRaro, romelic CineTis samxreT_dasavleT nawilSi mdebareobs, seqtemberSi amuSavdeba. varaudoben, rom igi mTels aziaSi umsxvilesi iqneba. gavrcelebuli informaciis Tanaxmad, oqros maRaroSi ganxorcielebuli investiciebi 800 milion ians aRemateba, rac daaxloebiT 100 milion aSS dolars udris. maRaros warmadoba 15 wlis ganmavlobaSi 180000_200 000 uncia oqro iqneba. igi mudmivad kontroldeba avstraliaSi dafuZnebli kompania Sino Gold Limited_is mier.
   
   
   putini inflaciiT ukmayofiloa
   
2006 wlis pirveli ori Tvis manZilze ruseTSi inflaciam 4.1% Seadgina, rac mTavrobis wliuri prognozis TiTqmis naxevaria. am SedegiT ukmayofiloa prezidenti putini, romelic damnaSaved mTavrobas miiCnevs da ambobs, rom qveynis mTavroba bevrs laparakobs da cotas akeTebs. ekonomistebi ki yvelafers ianvris yinvebs abraleben. maTi gaTvlebiT, wlis bolosTvis inflaciis maCvenebeli 10% iqneba da ara 8_9%. vladimer putinma ministrTa kabinetTan tradiciul Sexvedraze mTavroba gaakritika, radgan 2006 wlis biujetSi Cadebuli parametrebi ar emTxveva realurs da Sedegebi prognozebisgan gansxvavdeba.
   
   
   
   
   fadi asli xelisuflebis winaaRmdeg

   
   saqarTveloSi amerikis savaWro palatis prezidentis, fadi aslis gancxadebiT, sistematuri wnexi biznesze finansuri policiis mxridan qmnis teroris atmosferos da negatiurad moqmedebs mcdelobaze, movizidoT ucxoeli investorebi. man xazi gausva, rom gamokveTili ekonomikuri politikis uqonloba warmoadgens dRevandeli xelisuflebis sust wertils. bizness SevardnaZis drosac aviwrovebdnen, magram dRes situacia kidev ufro gauaresda. finansuri policia ise iqceva, rogorc milicia. es warmoudgenelia. isini midian biznesmenTan, wyveten biznesis daxurvas da gzavnian masTan sagadasaxado departaments
   
   
   
   igegmeba sarwyavi sistemis aRdgena. soflis meurneobis saministro 2010 wlisaTvis 300.000 ha miwis gasarwyavebas gegmavs. mixeil svimoniSvilis TqmiT, gasarwyavebis programa saxelmwifos 50 milioni dolari daujdeba. Tanxas sxvadasxva donori organizaciebi gamoyofen. Qqveynis teritoriaze sarwyavi miwebis maqsimaluri raodenoba 735 aTasi heqtaria. Tumca, 2010 wlisaTvis sarwyavi sistemiT mxolod 300 aTasi ha farTobis uzrunvelyofa igegmeba.
   
   
   
   ra eRireba krediti da ra emuqreba
   saqarTvelos bankebs?
   
saqarTvelos ekonomikaSi erT_erTi yvelaze myari seqtori, rogorc mogebis kuTxiT, ise kapitalizaciis mxriv, aris bankebi. dRemde yvela komerciul bankSi, romlebic saaqcio sazogadoebebia, arc erT damfuZnebels ar eZleoda ufleba, 25%_ze meti wili hqonoda. es zRvari moxsnilia axali kanonproeqtis mixedviT, romelic amJamad parlamentSia wardgenili. Tumca am bariers xeli ar SeuSlia yazaxuri bankisTvis _`turan aleni~, eyida ,,silqroud bankis~ 75%. aseve gaerTianebuli qarTuli bankis 51% _ sakontrolo paketi iyida rusulma ,,vneStorgbankma~ (25% evropis rekonstruqciisa da ganviTarebis banks ekuTvnis). aseve Semosulia somxuri `kaskad banki~ saqarTvelos komerciuli bankebis mTliani kapitalis 50%, xolo mTliani sabanko aqtivebis 76% ucxour bankebs ekuTvniT. ucxouri kapitalis Semosvlas erovnuli bankic da mTavrobac xels uwyoben. bankebis sawesdebo kapitali gaizrdeba 2007 wlis 1 ivlisamde _ 12 mln dolaris ekvivalenti larebSi. bunebrivia, am kapitalis Sesavsebad qarTul sabanko bosebs ucxoelebis mowveva mouwevT. amasTan, sakmaod seriozuli koncentraciis da Serwymis procesebi mimdinareobs qarTul bankebSi. am kuTxiT yvelaze agresiuli saqarTvelos bankia, romelmac ramdenime finansuri sistema _ ,,inteleqtbanki~ da ,,Tbiluniversal banki~ SeierTa. eqspertTa azriT, maT male ,,bazisbankic~ SeuerTdeba. xdeba seriozuli kapitalizacia, am bankis aqciaTa Rirebuleba 1 laridan 8 laramde gaizarda. safinanso bazris eqspertebis azriT, is welsve 16 lari gaxdeba. aseve eqspertTa azriT, saqarTvelos bankis `SefuTva~ xdeba, raTa is uaxloes xanebSi ucxour banks mieyidos. ukve gadawyvetilia franguli bankis, `sosiete Jeneralis~ mier ,,respublika bankis~ sakontrolo paketis SeZena. wlis bolosTvis ki saqarTvelos bankis 70% ucxoelTa xelSi iqneba. saqarTveloSi amjerad 19 komerciuli bankia, romelTa krebsiTi mTliani aqtivebi 2004 wlis dasawyisSi iyo 1372739, imave wlis bolosaTvis TiTqmis 17000000, xolo 2005 wlis bolosaTvis 2548268, aqedan naxevar miliardze meti ,,Tibisi banks~ ekuTvnis. msxvili bankebia: Tibisi banki, saqarTvelos banki, respublika banki, banki qarTu, gaerTianebuli qarTuli banki da prokredit banki.
   gacemuli sesxebis raodenoba 2006 wlis 1 ianvris mdgomareobiT:
   iuridiul pirebze _ 1217527
   fizikur pirebze _ 482663
   maT Soris, gacemuli sesxebis 80% ucxour valutazea. agreTve saprocento ganakveTi 15,8, 18.1% ki erovnul valutaSi iuridiuli pirebisTvis, fizikuri pirebisTvis 22.5%_ia. maT Soris sesxebis 50%_ze meti vaWrobazea gacemuli, xolo 6%_ze naklebi soflis meurneobaze. anu, miuxedavad imisa, rom gaizarda ucxouri kapitalis mozidva bankis aqtivebSi, seriozulad gaizarda aseve fizikuri piris depozitebi.
   2003 wlis dekemberi _ 287245
   2004 wlis dekemberi _ 359159
   2005 wlis dekemberi _ 527585 (1000 lari)
   mixedavad amisa, ar gaiafebula biznesze gacemuli kreditebis procentebi, piriqiT, 2005 wels 3_4.5%_iT gaizarda. xolo gacemuli kreditebidan Semosavlebi ufro da ufro izrdeba.
   saqarTvelos 19 komerciuli bankidan 12_Si ucxouri kapitalia, maTgan 2006 wlis 1 ianvris mdgomareobiT 6 banks aqvs 10 mln larze meti kapitali.
   qarTul bazarze swrafad mzardi bankebi arian `saqarTvelos banki~ da `bta silq roud banki~.
    monacemTa wyaro saqarTvelos erovnuli banki, monetaruli da sabanko statistikis biuleteni.
   

   
   
   
   Cveni eqskluzivi
   ras erCis ~forbsi~ qarTvel milionrebs
   ucnob_nacnobi qarTveli milionerebi
   
Jurnal Forbes_is gamokiTxviT, dRes msoflioSi 793 umdidresi adamiani cxovrobs. aRsaniSnavia, rom 2005 wels milionrebis raodenoba sagrZnoblad gaizarda, maT Soris seriozulad gaizarda rusebis raodenoba. moxda Tvisobrivad axali aRmoCena _ aryis mwarmoebeli rusi biznesmenebi pirvelad moxvdnen siaSi. es mxolod ruseTSi Tu moxdeboda, maTi nacionaluri xasiaTidan gamomdinare. Forbes_i, Cveni azriT, jerovan yuradRebas ar uTmobs qarTvel milionrebs. Cvenma eqspertebma Seadgines qarTvel milionerTa sia. warmogidgenT bolo monacemebs. pirvel jgufSi is qarTveli milionrebi Sevidnen, romelTa kapitalis ZiriTadi moculobac ruseTTanaa dakavSirebuli.
   1. biZina ivaniSvili _ 2.3 miliardi dolari
   2. badri patarkaciSvili _ 1.35 mlrd (boris berezovskis kapitalTan erTad)
   3. Tamaz somxiSvili _ 1.25 mlrd dolari
   4. daviT Jvania _ 1.1 mlrd dolari
   5. kaxa benduqiZe _ 800 mln dolari
   6. daviT iakobaSvili _ 650 mln dolari (jgufi `vimbildani~)
   7. ioseb orjonikiZe _ 510 mln dolari
   8. levan vasaZe _ 350 mln dolari (jgufi `sistema)
   9. tariel vasaZe _ 180 mln dolari (ukraina, metalis biznesi)
   meore jgufi:
   1. abram nanitaSvili _ 700 mln dolari (energetika)
   2. daTo beJuaSvili _ 630 mln dolari (saqcementi jgufi)
   3. gia joxTaberiZe _ 320 mln (magTi jgufi)
   4. aslan abaSiZe _ 250 mln (sastumroebi dubaiSi, `maskva~)
   5. mamuka xazaraZe, kapitaliT _ 220 mln (Tibisi jgufi)
   6. valeri gelaSvili _ 180 mln (parlamentari)
   7. vika gelovani _ 140 mln (saqarTvelos banki)
   8. Temur Wyonia _ 76 mln (koka_kola)
   9. giorgi ramiSvili _ 70 mln dolari (silq roud grupi)
   10. avTo wereTeli _ 62 mln (samgori jgufi)
   11. gogi TofaZe _ 55 mln (yazbegi jgufi)
   12. Tamaz gaiaSvili _ 52 mln dolari (airzena)
   13. rCeuliSvilebi _ 50 mln (centrpoint jgufi)
   ucxoeli miliarderebis sia ki ase gamoiyureba:
   
1. uiliam geiTs III (aSS) _ 46.5 mlrd (Microsoft)
   2. uoren bafeti (aSS) _ 44 mlrd (Berkshire Hathaway_is investori)
   3. lakSmi mitali (indoeTi) _ 25 mlrd (foladi)
   4. karlos slim pelu (meqsika) _ 23.8 mlrd (telekomi)
   5. princ alvalid bin Talal alsaud (s. arabeTi) _ 23.7 mlrd (investiciebi)
   6. ingvad kamprad (SvedeTi) _ 23 mlrd (Ikea)
   7. pol aleni (aSS) _ 21 mlrd (Microsoft investiciebi)
   8. karl alberti (germania) _ 18.5 mlrd (supermarketebi)
   9. lourens elisoni (aSS) _ 18.4 mlrd (firma Oracle)
   10. robin uoltoni (aSS) _ 18.3 mlrd (Wal_Mart)
   rus mdidrebs Soris ver moxvda mixeil xadarkovski, romlis qonebac 500 mln dolarze naklebi aRmoCnda. warmogidgenT rusi mdidrebis aTeuls:
   
1. roman abramoviCi _ 18.2 mlrd (Cukotkis regionis mmarTveli)
   2. vagit alekperovi _ 11 mlrd (Lukoil_is mTavari aRmasrulebeli)
   3. vladimer lizini _ 10.7 mlrd (foladis magnati)
   4. viqtor veksebergi _ 10 mlrd (rusul_britanuli gaerTianeba TNK_BP)
   5. mixeil fridmeni _ 9.7 mlrd (alfa jgufi)
   6. oleg deripaska _ 7.8 mlrd (aluminis magnati)
   7. aleqsei mordaSovi _ 7.6 mlrd (foladis magnati)
   8. suleiman kemirovi _ 7.1 mlrd (`nafta moskvas~ investiciebis jgufi)
   9. vladimer potanini, mixeil proxovi _ 6.4 mlrd (nikelis mTavari mewileebi)
   10. vladimer evtuSenko _ 6.1 mlrd (mcire kompaniebi)
   11. elena baturina _ 2.3 mlrd (samSeneblo biznesi, moskovis meri iuri luJkovis meuRle).
   
   
   
   sagadasaxado kodeqsi
   isev icvleba
   
mTavrobam gadawyvita isev Secvalos sagadasaxado kodeqsi. axali proeqtis Tanaxmad
   1. mcirdeba aqcizi Tambaqoze.
   _ importulze 90 TeTridan 50 TeTramde, anu TiTqmis 40%_iT.
   _ adgilobriv nawarm sigaretze 70_dan 50 TeTramde.
   eqspertTa azriT es gadawyvetileba savaraudod ivnisSi Seva ZalaSi da gaaiafebs sigarets. bunebrivia, Semcirdeba kontrabandac.
   2. mewarmeebis mier zedmetad gadaxdili Tanxis ukan dabrunebis vada 6 Tvidan 3 Tvemde mcirdeba.
   3. arsebuli kodeqsis Tanaxmad, Tu mewarme Segnebulad an uneblied SecdomiT Semcirebulad aCvenebs Semosavlebs deklaraciaSi Semcirebuli Tanxis 25%_iT jarimdeba.
   4. axali proeqtis Tanaxmad, Tu mewarme TviTon miitans Sesworebas jarimisgan Tavisufldeba.
   5. momqmedi kodeqsis Tanaxmad, Tu mewarme damatebuli Rirebulebis gadasaxadis deklaraciaSi an gazrdis dRg_s odenobas an xelovnurad Seamcirebs mas, is jarimdeba am angariS_faqturaSi miTiTebuli dRg_s 100%_iT, xolo proeqtis Tanaxmad mxolod im TanxiT, ra TanxiaTac Seamcira an gazarda dRg_s moculoba.
   6. uimedo e.w narCeni davalianebis mqone sawarmoebze, kodeqsis Tanaxmad sagadasaxado organoebs ufleba aqvT mTliani qonebis dayadaRebis, xolo proeqtis Tanaxmad mxolod im nawilis dayadaReba SeuZliaT, romelic arsebuli davalianebis gadaxdas sWirdeba, xolo mewarmes ufleba aqvs TviTon gayidos dayadaRebuli qoneba erTi Tvis ganmavlobaSi.
   7. mkacrdeba im fizikur pirTa pasuxismgebloba, romlebic ekonomikur saqmianobas ewevian, magaliTad, saxls an daCas aqiraveben da sagadasaxadoSi aRricxvaze ar arian. qobuleTsa da baTumSi gaqiravebul kerZo binebsac igive exebaT, jarima 1000 lari.
   proeqts uaxloes mTavrobis sxdomaze gaitanen da gazafxulis bolomde ZalaSi Seva.


gamomcemeli: Tavisufali ekonomikis instituti da: saqarTvelos savaWro_samrewvelo palata